Denise Giuvelis

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The basal (constitutive) activity of G protein-coupled receptors allows for the measurement of inverse agonist activity. Some competitive antagonists turn into inverse agonists under conditions where receptors are constitutively active. In contrast, neutral antagonists have no inverse agonist activity, and they block both agonist and inverse agonist(More)
In the search for opioid ligands with mixed functional activity, a series of 5'-(4-chlorophenyl)-4,5α-epoxypyridomorphinans possessing alkoxy or acyloxy groups at C-14 was synthesized and evaluated. In this series, the affinity and functional activity of the ligands were found to be influenced by the nature of the substituent at C-14 as well as by the(More)
We have previously reported the chemistry and antinociceptive properties of a series of glycosylated enkephalin analogs (glycopeptides) exhibiting approximately equal affinity and efficacy at δ opioid receptors (DORs) and μ opioid receptors (MORs). More detailed pharmacology of the lead glycopeptide MMP-2200(More)
AIMS The current study assessed the in vivo antagonist properties of nalmefene using procedures previously used to characterize the opioid antagonists naloxone, naltrexone, 6beta-naltrexol and nalbuphine. MAIN METHODS ICR mice were used to generate antagonist dose-response curves with intraperitoneal (i.p.) nalmefene against fixed A(90) doses of morphine(More)
The most highly abused prescription drugs are opioids used for the treatment of pain. Physician-reported drug-seeking behavior has resulted in a significant health concern among doctors trying to adequately treat pain while limiting the misuse or diversion of pain medications. In addition to abuse liability, opioid use is associated with unwanted side(More)
Constitutive (basal) signaling has been described and characterized for numerous G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). The relevance of this activity to disease, drug discovery and development, and to clinical pharmacotherapy is just beginning to emerge. Opioid receptors were the first GPCR systems for which there was definitive evidence presented for(More)
Both of the enantiomers of 5-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-phenylethylmorphan with C9alpha-methyl, C9-methylene, C9-keto, and C9alpha- and C9beta-hydroxy substituents were synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. Three of the 10 compounds, (1R,5R,9S)-(-)-9-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxyphenyl-2-phenylethyl-2-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane ((1R,5R,9S)-(-)-10),(More)
Glycopeptides related to β-endorphin penetrate the blood-brain barrier (BBB) of mice to produce antinociception. Two series of glycopeptides were assessed for opioid receptor binding affinity. Attempts to alter the mu-selectivity of [D-Ala(2),N-MePhe(4),Gly-ol(5)]enkephalin (DAMGO)-related glycopeptides by altering the charged residues of the amphipathic(More)
There has been recent interest in characterizing the effects of pain-like states on motivated behaviors in order to quantify how pain modulates goal-directed behavior and the persistence of that behavior. The current set of experiments assessed the effects of an incisional postoperative pain manipulation on food-maintained responding under a(More)
Drug Design and Synthesis Section, Chemical Biology Research Branch, National Institute on Drug Abuse, and Center for Molecular Modeling, DiVision of Computational Bioscience, Center for Information Technology, National Institutes of Health, DHHS, Bethesda, MD 20892, UniVersity of New England, College of Osteopathic Medicine, Biddeford, ME 04005, Laboratory(More)