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Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is complicated by pro-oxidant intraneuronal Fe(2+) elevation as well as extracellular Zn(2+) accumulation within amyloid plaque. We found that the AD β-amyloid protein precursor (APP) possesses ferroxidase activity mediated by a conserved H-ferritin-like active site, which is inhibited specifically by Zn(2+). Like ceruloplasmin, APP(More)
Studies on the amyloid precursor protein (APP) have suggested that it may be neuroprotective against amyloid-beta (Abeta) toxicity and oxidative stress. However, these findings have been obtained from either transfection of cell lines and mice that overexpress human APP isoforms or pretreatment of APP-expressing primary neurons with exogenous soluble APP.(More)
alpha-Synuclein is the major component of the intracellular Lewy body inclusions present in Parkinson disease (PD) neurons. PD involves the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and the subsequent depletion of dopamine (DA) in the striatum. DA can inhibit alpha-synuclein fibrillization in vitro and promote alpha-synuclein aggregation into(More)
Dopamine (DA) and alpha-synuclein (alpha-SN) are two key molecules associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). We have identified a novel action of DA in the initial phase of alpha-SN aggregation and demonstrate that DA induces alpha-SN to form soluble, SDS-resistant oligomers. The DA:alpha-SN oligomeric species are not amyloidogenic as they do not react with(More)
SorLA/LR11 is a sorting receptor that regulates the intracellular transport and processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) in neurons. SorLA/LR11-mediated binding results in sequestration of APP in the Golgi and in protection from processing into the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta), the principal component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD).(More)
Resistance to chloroquine in Plasmodium falciparum bears a striking similarity to the multi-drug resistance (MDR) phenotype of mammalian tumor cells which is mediated by overexpression of P-glycoprotein. We show here that the P. falciparum homologue of the P-glycoprotein (Pgh1) is a 160,000-D protein that is expressed throughout the asexual erythrocytic(More)
The amyloid precursor protein (APP) of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has a copper binding domain (CuBD) located in the N-terminal cysteine-rich region that can strongly bind copper(II) and reduce it to Cu(I) in vitro. The CuBD sequence is similar among the APP family paralogs [amyloid precursor-like proteins (APLP1 and APLP2)] and its orthologs (including(More)
Presenilin (PS) mutations are associated with early-onset Alzheimer's disease and PS proteins are involved with gamma-secretase cleavage of the amyloid precursor protein, APP. We have shown previously that alpha-, beta- and gamma-secretase cleavages of APP are conserved in Pichia pastoris. Here, we report co-expression of APP and PSI in P. pastoris and show(More)
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