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Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) is a homophilic adhesion receptor that mediates leukocyte/endothelial cell interactions that take place during transendothelial migration. Recent reports have shown that the binding of certain anti-PECAM-1 antibodies results in up-regulation of integrin function on the surface of leukocytes and(More)
The tetraspanin membrane protein CD151 is a broadly expressed molecule noted for its strong molecular associations with integrins, especially alpha3beta1, alpha6beta1, alpha7beta1, and alpha6beta4. In vitro functional studies have pointed to a role for CD151 in cell-cell adhesion, cell migration, platelet aggregation, and angiogenesis. It has also been(More)
Studies of PECAM-1−/− mice have identified that PECAM-1 functions as an inhibitory co-receptor to modulate immunological responsiveness. In this study, we describe the in vivo consequences of PECAM-1 deficiency in mouse models of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) and K/BxN passive transfer model that resembles many of the features of human rheumatoid(More)
Recent studies have shown that the Src homology-2 (SH2) domain-containing protein-tyrosine phosphatase, SHP-2, associates with the cytoplasmic domain of PECAM-1 as it becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated during platelet aggregation: a process that can be mimicked in part by small synthetic phosphopeptides corresponding to the cytoplasmic domain of PECAM-1(More)
Platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) is a 130-kD member of the Ig gene superfamily that is expressed on the surface of circulating platelets, monocytes, neutrophils, and selective T-cell subsets. It is also a major component of the endothelial cell intercellular junction. Previous studies have shown that cross-linking PECAM-1 on the(More)
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1/CD31) is a member of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily that has distinctive features of an immunoreceptor based upon its genomic structure and the presence of intrinsic immunoreceptor tyrosine inhibitory motifs (ITIMs) in its ligand binding polypeptide. This has lead to its subclassification into the(More)
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is categorised as deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). VTE is associated with high morbidity and causes a huge financial burden on patients, hospitals, and governments. Both acquired and hereditary risks factors contribute to VTE. To diagnose VTE, noninvasive cost-effective diagnostic algorithms including(More)
We investigated the role of the hematopoietic-specific tetraspanin superfamily member, TSSC6, in platelet function using wild-type mice and TSSC6-deficient mice. TSSC6 is expressed on the surface of murine platelets and is up-regulated by thrombin stimulation, indicating an intracellular pool of TSSC6. Immunoprecipitation/Western blot studies reveal a(More)
Thrombomodulin (TM) expression has been investigated in sections of normal human skin, in cultured normal human keratinocytes, and in a variety of skin tumours. TM was present in squamous epithelial cells in the spinous layer of normal epidermis and in the outer root sheath of hair follicles, but was absent in the cells of the basal layer. It appeared to be(More)
The conformations of nisin and two major degradation products, nisin-(1-32)-peptide (nisin1-32) and des-delta Ala5-nisin1-32 (where delta Ala is alpha beta-didehydroalanine), in aqueous solution have been determined from n.m.r. data. Sequential assignments of the peptides using correlation spectroscopy ('COSY'), homonuclear Hartmann-Hahn spectroscopy(More)