Denise E Fedele

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Serotonin (5-HT) plays an integral regulatory role in mood, anxiety, cognition, appetite and aggressive behavior. Many therapeutic and illicit drugs that modulate these functions act at the serotonin transporter (SERT), thus a mouse model with reduced transporter expression was created to further investigate the effects of differential serotonin reuptake.(More)
Adenosine is a potent modulator of excitatory neurotransmission, especially in seizure-prone regions such as the hippocampal formation. In adult brain ambient levels of adenosine are controlled by adenosine kinase (ADK), the major adenosine-metabolizing enzyme, expressed most strongly in astrocytes. Since ontogeny of the adenosine system is largely unknown,(More)
Adenosine kinase (ADK) is considered to be the key regulator of the brain's endogenous anticonvulsant, adenosine. In adult brain, ADK is primarily expressed in a subpopulation of astrocytes and striking upregulation of ADK in these cells has been associated with astrogliosis after kainic acid-induced status epilepticus (KASE) in the kainic acid mouse model(More)
Adenosine is an endogenous neuromodulator with anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties presumably mediated by activation of adenosine A1 receptors (A1Rs). To study the involvement of A1Rs in neuroprotection during epileptogenesis, we induced status epilepticus by a unilateral intrahippocampal kainic acid (KA) injection (1 nmol) in wild-type C57BL/6(More)
Thalamo-cortical networks generate specific patterns of oscillations during distinct vigilance states and epilepsy, well characterized by electroencephalography (EEG). Oscillations depend on recurrent synaptic loops, which are controlled by GABAergic transmission. In particular, GABA A receptors containing the alpha3 subunit are expressed predominantly in(More)
PURPOSE Stem cells and their derivatives have emerged as a promising tool for cell-based drug delivery because of (a) their unique ability to differentiate into various somatic cell types, (b) the virtually unlimited donor source for transplantation, and (c) the advantage of being amenable to a wide spectrum of genetic manipulations. Previously,(More)
Adenosine kinase deficient (Adk-/-) embryonic stem cells (ESCs) encapsulated in synthetic polymers have previously been shown to provide therapeutic adenosine release and transient seizure suppression in epileptic rats. Here we explored the utility of biopolymer-substrates to promote long-term adenosine release from Adk-/- ESCs. Three different substrates(More)
Based on the anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties of adenosine, and based on the long-term survival potential of stem cell derived brain implants, adenosine releasing stem cells may constitute a novel tool for the treatment of epilepsy. Pluripotency and unlimited self-renewal make embryonic stem (ES) cells a particularly versatile donor source for(More)
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