Denise C. Welsh

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Spinal cord fMRI is a useful tool for studying spinal mechanisms of pain, hence for analgesic drug development. Its technical feasibility in both humans and rats has been demonstrated. This study investigates the reproducibility, robustness, and spatial accuracy of fMRI of lumbar spinal cord activation due to transcutaneous noxious and non-noxious(More)
We have analyzed the developmental molecular programs of the mouse hippocampus, a cortical structure critical for learning and memory, by means of large-scale DNA microarray techniques. Of 11,000 genes and expressed sequence tags examined, 1,926 showed dynamic changes during hippocampal development from embryonic day 16 to postnatal day 30. Gene-cluster(More)
This study aims to identify fMRI signatures of nociceptive processing in whole brain of anesthetized rats during noxious electrical stimulation (NES) and noxious mechanical stimulation (NMS) of paw. Activation patterns for NES were mapped with blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) fMRI, respectively, to investigate the(More)
Objective measure of pain is valuable in drug discovery research and development of analgesics. Spinal cord is an important relay of the pain pathway, and fMRI offers an excellent opportunity to quantify pain using activation in the spinal cord induced by painful stimuli. fMRI literature of cervical spinal cord with regard to the spatial extent, in both(More)
During bacterial chemotaxis, the binding of stimulatory ligands to chemoreceptors at the cell periphery leads to a response at the flagellar motor. Three proteins appear to be required for receptor-mediated control of swimming behavior, the products of the cheA, cheW, and cheY genes. Here we present the complete nucleotide sequence of the Salmonella(More)
We report a novel human gene whose product specifically associates with the negative regulatory domain of the Wilms' tumor gene product (WT1) in a yeast two-hybrid screen and with WT1 in immunoprecipitation and glutathione S-transferase (GST) capture assays. The gene encodes a 17-kDa protein that has 56% amino acid sequence identity with yeast(More)
Spinal cord fMRI offers an excellent opportunity to quantify nociception using neuronal activation induced by painful stimuli. Measurement of the magnitude of stimulation-induced activation, and its suppression with analgesics can provide objective measures of pain and efficacy of analgesics. This study investigates the feasibility of using spinal cord fMRI(More)
In this manuscript we demonstrate that a modification principally directed toward the improvement of the aqueous solubility (i.e., introduction a P3 pyridine N-oxide) of the previous lead compound afforded a new series of potent orally bioavailable P1 N-benzylamide thrombin inhibitors. An expedited investigation of the P1 SAR with respect to oral(More)
Two cases of hemangioma of the masseter muscle are presented with a review of the literature. The possibility of an intramuscular hemangioma should be considered in any lateral facial swelling, particularly one anterior to the parotid. Total excision of the hemangioma with a margin of normal muscle is recommended. The approach utilized by the authors is a(More)
The p53 tumour-suppressor gene is mutated in 60% of human tumours, and the product of the gene acts as a suppressor of cell division. It is thought that the growth-suppressive effects of p53 are mediated through the transcriptional transactivation activity of the protein. Overexpression of the p53 protein results either in arrest in the G1 phase of the cell(More)