Denise C. Fitzgerald

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BACKGROUND Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is the founding member of a novel family of inflammatory cytokines that plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of many autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). IL-17A signals through its receptor, IL-17RA, which is expressed in many(More)
GM-CSF is a potent proinflammatory cytokine that plays a pathogenic role in the CNS inflammatory disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. As IL-27 alleviates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we hypothesized that IL-27 suppresses GM-CSF expression by T cells. We found that IL-27 suppressed GM-CSF expression in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in(More)
BACKGROUND Neuronal loss in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), correlates with permanent neurological dysfunction. Current MS therapies have limited the ability to prevent neuronal damage. METHODS We examined whether oral therapy with SRT501, a pharmaceutical grade formulation of resveratrol,(More)
Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) are important regulators of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cytokine responses but their role in macrophage polarization is unknown. We have shown here that myeloid-restricted Socs3 deletion (Socs3(Lyz2cre)) resulted in resistance to LPS-induced endotoxic shock, whereas Socs2(-/-) mice were highly susceptible. We(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a well-characterised model of autoimmune inflammatory demyelination. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognise microbial components and initiate innate immune responses. We report in this study that TLR7 stimulation by imiquimod, a synthetic analog of ssRNA, suppresses disease severity in a chronic EAE model.(More)
The incidence of allergy and asthma in developed countries is on the increase and this trend looks likely to continue. CD4(+) T helper 2 (Th2) cells are major drivers of these diseases and their commitment is controlled by cytokines such as interleukin 4, which are in turn regulated by the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins. We report that(More)
The efficiency of central nervous system remyelination declines with age. This is in part due to an age-associated decline in the phagocytic removal of myelin debris, which contains inhibitors of oligodendrocyte progenitor cell differentiation. In this study, we show that expression of genes involved in the retinoid X receptor pathway are decreased with(More)
Aging results in deterioration of the immune system, which is associated with increased susceptibility to infection and impaired wound healing in the elderly. Phagocytosis is an essential process in both wound healing and immune defence. As such, age-related impairments in phagocytosis impact on the health of the elderly population. Phagocytic efficiency in(More)
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of autoimmune inflammatory demyelination that is mediated by Th1 and Th17 cells. The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) is activated by pathogen recognition receptors and induces interferon-β production. To determine the role of IRF3 in autoimmune inflammation, we(More)
BACKGROUND Co-localisation is a widely used measurement in immunohistochemical analysis to determine if fluorescently labelled biological entities, such as cells, proteins or molecules share a same location. However the measurement of co-localisation is challenging due to the complex nature of such fluorescent images, especially when multiple focal planes(More)