Denise A Macdonald

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When investigating the biological effects of ionizing radiation on the haemopoietic system, a confounding problem lies in possible differences between the biological effects of sparsely ionizing, low linear energy transfer radiation such as X-, beta- or gamma-rays, and densely ionizing, high linear energy transfer radiation such as alpha-particles. To(More)
Using a bone marrow transplantation protocol in which we transplanted a mixture of irradiated and nonirradiated bone marrow cells that were distinguishable by a cytogenetic marker, we have demonstrated chromosomal instability in the progeny of nonirradiated hemopoietic stem cells. This first demonstration of a link between a bystander effect of ionizing(More)
Communication between irradiated and unirradiated (bystander) cells can result in responses in unirradiated cells that are similar to responses in their irradiated counterparts. The purpose of the current experiment was to test the hypothesis that bystander responses will be similarly induced in primary murine stem cells under different cell culture(More)
Arbitrarily primed-PCR analysis of DNA from male CBA/H radiation-induced leukaemic spleens revealed the loss of an approximately 350-bp sequence in several leukaemias. We have isolated a lambda EMBL3 C57BL/6 genomic subclone (pJB1) which hybridizes to the AP-PCR probe and is located on the Y chromosome. Southern blot analyses using the pJB1 probe indicate(More)
Exposure to ionizing radiation can increase the risk of cancer, which is often characterized by genomic instability. In environmental exposures to high-LET radiation (e.g. 222Ra), it is unlikely that many cells will be traversed or that any cell will be traversed by more than one alpha particle, resulting in an in vivo bystander situation, potentially(More)
PURPOSE If radiation-induced genetic instability is causal in mouse radiation leukaemogenesis, then genetic instability should be detectable in the irradiated target untransformed haemopoietic stem cell, and evidence of genetic instability detected in the clonal radiation-induced leukaemia. We have tested this hypothesis using the CBA/H mouse model of(More)
Environmental (222)radon exposure is a human health concern, and many studies demonstrate that very low doses of high LET alpha-particle irradiation initiate deleterious genetic consequences in both irradiated and non-irradiated bystander cells. One consequence, radiation-induced genomic instability (RIGI), is a hallmark of tumorigenesis and is often(More)
Forty primary leukaemias that arose in vivo as a consequence of 3 Gy X-irradiation of inbred mouse strains were analysed for Y-chromosome aberrations by conventional cytogenetics and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Compared with control mice which were X-irradiated but which exhibited no overt signs of leukaemia, the loss and gain of Y-chromosomes(More)
Understanding the radiation risks involved in spaceflight is of considerable importance, especially with the long-term occupation of ISS and the planned crewed exploration missions. Several independent causes may contribute to the overall risk to astronauts exposed to the complex space environment, such as exposure to GCR as well as SPES. Protons and high-Z(More)
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