Learn More
Nonhuman primates were used to develop an animal model that closely mimics human Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Cynomolgus macaques were infected with low doses of virulent M. tuberculosis via bronchoscopic instillation into the lung. All monkeys were successfully infected, based on tuberculin skin test conversion and peripheral immune responses to(More)
Covalent attachment of activated products of the third component of complement to antigen enhances its immunogenicity, but the mechanism is not clear. This effect is mediated by specific receptors, mCR1 (CD35) and mCR2 (CD21), expressed primarily on B cells and follicular dendritic cells in mice. To dissect the role of mCR1 and mCR2 in the humoral response,(More)
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is the most insidious form of locally advanced breast cancer; about a third of patients have distant metastasis at initial staging. Emerging evidence suggests that host factors in the tumor microenvironment may interact with underlying IBC cells to make them aggressive. It is unknown whether immune cells associated to the(More)
The effect of a mycobacterial infection on AIDS disease was studied in the simian model. Monkeys were infected with the primary virulent isolate SIV/DeltaB670 and inoculated 90 days later with BCG, an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis. All monkeys experienced a dramatic transient increase in plasma viremia and CCR5 expression on T lymphocytes after(More)
Several lines of evidence indicate that antibody responses to T-dependent antigens require complement receptors expressed on either B lymphocytes or follicular dendritic cells. We have used RAG-2 deficient blastocyst complementation to create mice specifically lacking B cell complement receptors. Despite normal expression of complement receptor 1(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against HIV-1 protease (HIV PR), the essential protease of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), were produced in Armenian hamsters. Studies of direct binding to synthetic peptides and inhibition of binding to intact protease by peptide competition showed that five mAbs recognized an epitope that includes the sequence(More)
A variety of animals have been used for tuberculosis research, and each animal model has its strengths and weaknesses. We sought to develop a non-human primate model of tuberculosis to model aspects of human tuberculosis that are difficult to model in other animals, including the pathology in the lungs, various progression to disease, and immunologic(More)
The goal of this study was to examine SIV- and Pneumocystis carinii-coinfected rhesus macaques as a model of P. carinii infection in HIV-seropositive humans. The influence of P. carinii infection on the cellular composition of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid from SIV-infected and normal rhesus macaques was examined by flow cytometric analysis and(More)
  • 1