Denis Moriarty

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Rates of nitrogen fixation in seagrass beds (Zostera capricorni) were determined with(15)N and reduction of acetylene in intact cores of sediment and seagrass. There was good agreement in the results from the two techniques, with a molar ratio of 3∶1.9 ethylene: ammonia produced. Fixed nitrogen was rapidly utilized by the plants, with significant amounts(More)
The rate of tritiated thymidine incorporation into DNA was used to estimate bacterial growth rates in aquatic environments. To be accurate, the calculation of growth rates has to include a factor for the dilution of isotope before incorporation. The validity of an isotope dilution analysis to determine this factor was verified in experiments reported here(More)
Bacteria in sediments from the surface aerobic layer (0-1 cm) and a deeper anaerobic layer (20-21 cm) of a seagrass bed were examined in section by transmission electron microscopy. Bacteria with a Gram-negative ultrastructure made up 90% of bacteria in the surface layer, and Gram-positive bacteria comprised 10%. In the anaerobic zone, Gram-negative(More)
A method, which depends on the measurement of muramic acid content to estimate bacterial biomass, has been improved in sensitivity by two orders of magnitude. It is now applicable to any aquatic sediment, whereas previously it was mainly useful in the analysis of gut contents of deposit-feeding animals. Reduced NAD, a product of the oxidation of d-lactate(More)
The quantitative role of bacteria in the carbon cycle of ponds used for culture of penaeid prawns has been studied. Bacterial biomass was measured using epifluorescence microscopy and muramic acid determinations. Bacterial growth rates were estimated from the rate of tritiated thymidine incorporation into DNA. In the water column, bacterial numbers ranged(More)
Different methods for measuring the rates of processes mediated by bacteria in sediments and the rates of bacterial cell production have been compared. In addition, net production of the seagrass Zostera capricorni and bacterial production have been compared and some interrelationships with the nitrogen cycle discussed. Seagrass productivity was estimated(More)
A method is described for estimating the biomass of bacteria in aquatic sediments by an enzymic measurement of D-lactic acid derived from hydrolysis of muramic acid. A correlation is shown between muramic acid and biomass. The Gram-negative rod bacteria contain about 20 μg muramic acid/mg carbon whereas the Gram-negative or Gramvariable pleomorphic and(More)
A rapid and effective method for the direct extraction of high molecular weight amplifiable DNA from two coral reef sediments was developed. DNA was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using 16S rDNA specific primers. The amplicons were digested with HaeIII, HinP1I and MspI and separated using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver(More)