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Turning attention towards or away from a painful heat stimulus is known to modify both the subjective intensity of pain and the cortical evoked potentials to noxious stimuli. Using PET, we investigated in 12 volunteers whether pain-related regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes were also modulated by attention. High (mean 46.6 degrees C) or low (mean(More)
We used PET to study regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes in nine patients with unilateral central pain after a lateral medullary infarct (Wallenberg's syndrome). All patients presented, on the abnormal side, a combination of hypaesthesia to noxious and thermal stimuli and allodynia to rubbing of the skin with a cold object (i.e. abnormal pain to(More)
We performed a study of the distribution of PrP27-30, the proteinase-K-resistant form of prion protein, in the central and peripheral nervous system of a patient with a Glu200Lys mutation of the prion protein gene, cerebellar ataxia, subcortical dementia, rigidity, and demyelinating peripheral neuropathy. In the CNS, there was neuron loss and spongy(More)
Parietal, insular and anterior cingulate cortices are involved in the processing of noxious inputs and genesis of pain sensation. Parietal lesions may generate central pain by mechanisms generally assumed to involve the 'medial' pain system (i.e. medial thalamic nuclei and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)). We report here PET and fMRI data in a patient who(More)
Subacute sensory neuronopathy with anti-Hu antibodies is the best-characterized paraneoplastic peripheral neuropathy associated with carcinoma. Anti-CV2 antibodies, another group of paraneoplastic antibodies, react with a 66-kd brain protein belonging to the family of Ulip/CRMP proteins. The manifestations associated with anti-CV2 antibodies include(More)
Clusterin is a secreted protein chaperone up-regulated in several pathologies, including cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. The present study shows that accumulation of aberrant proteins, caused by the proteasome inhibitor MG132 or the incorporation of the amino acid analogue AZC (L-azetidine-2-carboxylic acid), increased both clusterin protein and mRNA(More)
Clusterin is a usually secreted glycoprotein with chaperone properties. Recently, it has been suggested that clusterin isoforms reside in the nuclear and cytosolic compartments of human cell types, where they can influence various cellular programs including DNA repair, transcription and apoptosis. Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain this(More)
This brief review discusses the recent characterization in the brain of a gene coding for a protein that may be involved in programmed cell death and/or brain plasticity. We will term it sulfated glycoprotein-2 (SGP-2), the name corresponding to the first cDNA characterized. Recent studies have demonstrated the overexpression of this sulfated glycoprotein(More)
The diagnosis of cancer is often difficult in patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndrome and anti-Hu antibodies. Fluorodeoxyglucose 18 positron emission tomography scanning is a highly sensitive and specific method to detect lung tumors. We investigated 15 patients with paraneoplastic neurological syndrome and anti-Hu antibodies. Radiological(More)
Clusterin/apoJ is an intriguing gene frequently isolated by differential screening in laboratories from different areas of molecular biology, since it is overexpressed in numerous cases of degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and scrapie. While the dramatic increase of clusterin expression in injured tissues is well established, the molecular(More)