Denis M. Anthony

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This study describes the development and testing of an assessment tool to predict the risk of patients developing Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD). The three phases of the study include the development of the tool, prospective testing of the validity of the tool using 1468 patients in a medical assessment unit and external retrospective(More)
Much is written about risk-assessment scales (RASs) for pressure ulcers (PU) and their properties demonstrating that they are of limited value. Less is known about the reasons for these limitations and the scope for improvement. This review examines issues such as structure and scoring for the Norton, Waterlow and Braden scales, showing that the(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To compare three risk assessment scales with respect to predictive validity BACKGROUND In paediatrics there are several competing scales and at least ten published paediatric pressure ulcer risk assessment scales have been identified. However there are few studies exploring the validity of such scales, and none identified that compares(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To determine whether use of a risk assessment scale reduces nosocomial pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND There is contradictory evidence concerning the validity of risk assessment scales. The interaction of education, clinical judgement and use of risk assessment scales has not been fully explored. It is not known which of these is most(More)
Decubitus ulcers are slow healing; in many cases they stagnate and fail to heal. Examination of the literature concerning decubitus ulcers reveals that there is a large body of treatments which have been suggested to stimulate the healing wound. This study examines the clinical effectiveness of the various treatments, and the scientific basis behind them.(More)
AIMS The aims of the study were to determine: (1) Jordanian nurses' level of knowledge of pressure ulcer prevention and treatment of hospitalized patients based on guidelines for pressure ulcer prevention and treatment. (2) Frequency of utilization of pressure ulcer prevention and treatment interventions in clinical practice. (3) Variables that are(More)
Each year about 200 000 young people commence smoking in the UK. Most regular smokers report starting in their teens, and health education designed for smoking cessation among schoolchildren should identify and take into account the contributory factors for tobacco use. We used a crosssectional anonymous survey of 693 schoolchildren (aged 11–16 years, 47%(More)
Research-based articles in the nursing press have increased in number substantially, as indeed they have in other disciplines. While qualitative methods are more frequently use in nursing than some other areas (for example, medicine), the use of quantitative methods is common. It is noted that statistical errors and misunderstanding of statistical concepts(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To consider the validity and reliability of risk assessment scales for pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND Pressure ulcers are a major problem worldwide. They cause morbidity and lead to mortality. Risk assessment scales have been available for nearly 50 years, but there is insufficient evidence to state with any certainty that they are(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain the relevance of serum albumin and serum sodium as predictors of pressure sores in addition to the Waterlow score. DESIGN Observational study of patients at risk of developing decubitus ulcers. SETTING Staffordshire, in the midlands of the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS 773 elderly hospital in-patients of a district general(More)