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This study describes the development and testing of an assessment tool to predict the risk of patients developing Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD). The three phases of the study include the development of the tool, prospective testing of the validity of the tool using 1468 patients in a medical assessment unit and external retrospective(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To consider the validity and reliability of risk assessment scales for pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND Pressure ulcers are a major problem worldwide. They cause morbidity and lead to mortality. Risk assessment scales have been available for nearly 50 years, but there is insufficient evidence to state with any certainty that they are(More)
AIM The study aimed at investigating the conflict management styles used by nurse managers in the Sultanate of Oman. BACKGROUND Conflict is inevitable in daily nursing work. Several styles are used to manage conflict situations. In previous studies conducted in Western countries, avoiding and compromising conflict management styles appear to be the first(More)
Much is written about risk-assessment scales (RASs) for pressure ulcers (PU) and their properties demonstrating that they are of limited value. Less is known about the reasons for these limitations and the scope for improvement. This review examines issues such as structure and scoring for the Norton, Waterlow and Braden scales, showing that the(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To compare three risk assessment scales with respect to predictive validity BACKGROUND In paediatrics there are several competing scales and at least ten published paediatric pressure ulcer risk assessment scales have been identified. However there are few studies exploring the validity of such scales, and none identified that compares(More)
OBJECTIVES To ascertain the relevance of serum albumin and serum sodium as predictors of pressure sores in addition to the Waterlow score. DESIGN Observational study of patients at risk of developing decubitus ulcers. SETTING Staffordshire, in the midlands of the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS 773 elderly hospital in-patients of a district general(More)
UNLABELLED Children who are at risk of pressure ulcers need to be identified so that preventative measures can be taken. Most paediatric pressure ulcer risk assessment scales were developed using clinical experience, or by modifying adult scales. The Glamorgan Paediatric Pressure Ulcer Risk Assessment Scale was developed using detailed paediatric inpatient(More)
AIMS   To compare physical activity levels, body mass index, habitual diet, tobacco use and prevalence of non-communicable disease between the two ethnic groups and to identify predictors for differences between groups. BACKGROUND   Tobacco use, poor diet and physical inactivity are major lifestyle risk factors for chronic cardiovascular diseases, certain(More)
BACKGROUND Pressure ulcers are a common problem among hospitalised patients. Several prevalence studies have been conducted internationally but there is a paucity of research on pressure ulcer in the Arab world in general and in Jordan specifically. PURPOSE The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence rate of pressure ulcers in Jordan, and to(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES To determine whether use of a risk assessment scale reduces nosocomial pressure ulcers. BACKGROUND There is contradictory evidence concerning the validity of risk assessment scales. The interaction of education, clinical judgement and use of risk assessment scales has not been fully explored. It is not known which of these is most(More)