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BACKGROUND Microbial translocation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. We sought to determine whether markers of microbial translocation are associated with liver disease progression during coinfection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS We measured serial plasma(More)
BACKGROUND Vitamin D deficiency is of increasing concern in HIV-infected persons because of its reported association with a number of negative health outcomes that are common in HIV. We undertook this study to determine the prevalence and predictors of vitamin D deficiency among a nationally representative cohort of middle-aged, ethnically diverse,(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the association between vitamin D deficiency and bacterial vaginosis (BV) among nonpregnant HIV-infected and uninfected women. METHODS In a substudy of the Women's Interagency HIV Study, including women from Chicago and New York, the association between BV and vitamin D deficiency, demographics, and disease characteristics was tested(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if women with undocumented HIV status in late pregnancy or at labor and delivery who are rapidly tested and identified as HIV infected have high-risk behaviors and psychosocial obstacles hindering postpartum follow-up. METHODS Consenting participants (women with undocumented HIV status and > or =24 weeks gestational age (GA) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the previously reported associations between cervical squamous lesions and psychologic measures of stress and depression. METHODS In a multicenter cohort study, women with HIV and HIV-seronegative women had Pap tests and completed self-report questionnaires including the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS), which measures perceived(More)
Background: We evaluated brief combination interventions to simultaneously reduce sexual and injection risks among female sex workers who inject drugs (FSW-IDUs) in Tijuana (TJ) and Ciudad Juarez (CJ) Mexico during 2008-2010, when harm reduction was expanding in TJ, but not CJ. Methods: FSW-IDUs ]18 years reporting recently sharing injection equipment and(More)
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