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We report the direct introduction of biological samples into a high-resolution mass spectrometer, the LTQ-Orbitrap, as a fast tool for metabolomic studies. A proof of concept study was performed on yeast cell extracts that were introduced into the mass spectrometer by using flow injection analysis, with an acquisition time of 3 min. Typical mass spectra(More)
Internal energies and energy distributions were studied using the 'survival yield' method developed previously. In addition to conventional benzylpyridinium salts, protonated esters (fragmenting by rearrangement) and protonated leucine enkephalin were also used, extending the validity of the technique. Fragmentation processes were studied in the cone(More)
This paper reports results concerning the transfection of gliosarcoma cells 9L using an original cholesterol-based cationic liposome as carrier. This cationic liposome was prepared from triethyl aminopropane carbamoyl cholesterol (TEAPC-Chol) and a helper lipid, dioleoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (DOPE). The used concentration of liposome was not cytotoxic(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) is frequently activated in tumor cells. Activated STAT3 forms homodimers, or heterodimers with other TFs such as NF-κB, which becomes activated. Cytoplasmic STAT3 dimers are activated by tyrosine phosphorylation; they interact with importins via a nuclear(More)
The internal energy of ions and the timescale play fundamental roles in mass spectrometry. The main objective of this study is to estimate and compare the internal energy distributions of different ions (different nature, degree of freedom 'DOF' and fragmentations) produced in an electrospray source (ESI) of a triple-quadrupole instrument (Quattro I(More)
Reproducibility among different types of excitation modes is a major bottleneck in the field of tandem mass spectrometry library development in metabolomics. In this study, we specifically evaluated the influence of collision voltage and activation time parameters on tandem mass spectrometry spectra for various excitation modes [collision-induced(More)
Organophosphorus compounds have played important roles as pesticides, chemical warfare agents and extractors of radioactive material. Structural elucidation of phosphonates poses a particular challenge because their initial forms can be hydrolyzed, thus, degradation products may predominate in samples acquired in the field. The analysis of non-volatile(More)
The signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs) convey signals from the membrane to the nucleus in response to cytokines or growth factors. STAT3 is activated in response to cytokines involved mostly in cell proliferation; STAT1 is activated by cytokines, including interferon-gamma, involved in defence against pathogens and the inhibition of(More)
A resistance plasmid called R IP173 has been transferred into E. coli K12 from a multiresistant strain of S. ordonez isolated during an epidemic in Dakar. This plasmid mediates for colicine Ib production and resistance to ampicillin, streptomycin, spectinomycin, kanamycin, chloramphenicol, tetracycline and sulfonamides. It is transducible "en bloc" by the(More)