Denis Laloë

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During the last 3 years, a number of approaches for the normalization of RNA sequencing data have emerged in the literature, differing both in the type of bias adjustment and in the statistical strategy adopted. However, as data continue to accumulate, there has been no clear consensus on the appropriate normalization method to be used or the impact of a(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the genetic structure, evolutionary relationships, and the genetic diversity among 18 local cattle breeds from Spain, Portugal, and France using 16 microsatellites. Heterozygosities, estimates of Fst, genetic distances, multivariate and diversity analyses, and assignment tests were performed. Heterozygosities ranged(More)
Genomic selection refers to the use of genotypic information for predicting breeding values of selection candidates. A prediction formula is calibrated with the genotypes and phenotypes of reference individuals constituting the calibration set. The size and the composition of this set are essential parameters affecting the prediction reliabilities. The(More)
BACKGROUND Modern cattle originate from populations of the wild extinct aurochs through a few domestication events which occurred about 8,000 years ago. Newly domesticated populations subsequently spread worldwide following breeder migration routes. The resulting complex historical origins associated with both natural and artificial selection have led to(More)
Some criteria for measuring the overall precision of a genetic evaluation using linear mixed-model methodology are presented. They are derived via an extension of the coefficient of determination to linear combinations of estimates and via the use of the Kullback information. A parallel is drawn between inestimability of fixed-effects contrasts and the zero(More)
To guide genetic conservation programmes with objective criteria, general genetic variability has to be taken into account. This study was conducted to determine the genetic variation between 10 cattle breeds by using 17 microsatellite loci and 13 biochemical markers (11 blood groups, the transferrin and beta-casein loci). Microsatellite loci were amplified(More)
French and Asian subsets of chicken breeds were first analysed using 22 microsatellites and then compared to the AVIANDIV European set using 14 loci. Positive correlations were observed between F(IT) or F(ST) and typological values or variance of markers using the multivariate analysis mcoa. The first axis of the multivariate representation separated Asian(More)
Working with weakly congruent markers means that consensus genetic structuring of populations requires methods explicitly devoted to this purpose. The method, which is presented here, belongs to the multivariate analyses. This method consists of different steps. First, single-marker analyses were performed using a version of principal component analysis,(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing robustness via improvement of resistance to pathogens is a major selection objective in livestock breeding. As resistance traits are difficult or impossible to measure directly, potential indirect criteria are measures of immune traits (ITs). Our underlying hypothesis is that levels of ITs with no focus on specific pathogens define an(More)
Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, Unidade Autonoma de Ciencias Agrarisas e Departamento de Zoologia/ Antropologia da Faculdade de Ciências, Porto, Portugal, Centro de Estudos de Biodiversidade, ICETA, Universidade do Porto, Vairão, Portugal, Departamento de Producción Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, Madrid, Spain, Station de Génétique Quantitative et Appliquée,(More)