Denis L. Rousseau

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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) occurs in cells in nucleoids containing several copies of the genome. Previous studies have identified proteins associated with these large DNA structures when they are biochemically purified by sedimentation and immunoaffinity chromatography. In this study, formaldehyde cross-linking was performed to determine which nucleoid(More)
Two putative hemoglobin genes, glbN and glbO, were recently discovered in the complete genome sequence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Here, we show that the glbN gene encodes a dimeric hemoglobin (HbN) that binds oxygen cooperatively with very high affinity (P(50) = 0.013 mmHg at 20 degrees C) because of a fast combination (25 microM(-1).s(-1)) and a(More)
Neuronal NO synthase (NOS) is a flavin-containing hemeprotein that generates NO from L-arginine, NADPH, and O2. NO has recently been proposed to autoinhibit NOS. We have investigated whether a NOS heme-NO complex forms during aerobic steady-state catalysis. Visible and resonance Raman spectra recorded during steady-state NO synthesis by NOS showed that the(More)
The CDK inhibitor, p21WAF1/Cip1 blocks cell cycle progression. In vitro, the N-terminus of p21 binds and inhibits CDK-cyclin kinase activity, whereas the C-terminus binds and inhibits PCNA (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) function. PCNA is essential for processivity of both DNA polymerase δ and ε. We have performed a detailed analysis of growth(More)
An ultrarapid-mixing continuous-flow method has been developed to study submillisecond folding of chemically denatured proteins. Turbulent flow created by pumping solutions through a small gap dilutes the denaturant in tens of microseconds. We have used this method to study cytochrome c folding kinetics in the previously inaccessible time range 80 micros to(More)
The homodimeric hemoglobin (HbN) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis displays an extremely high oxygen binding affinity and cooperativity. Sequence alignment with other hemoglobins suggests that the proximal F8 ligand is histidine, the distal E7 residue is leucine, and the B10 position is occupied by tyrosine. To determine how these heme pocket residues(More)
Cytochrome c folding was initiated using a new solution mixer that provides a time window which covers over 90% of the burst phase unresolved by conventional stop-flow measurements. Folding was followed by resonance Raman scattering. Kinetic analysis of the high frequency Raman data indicates that a nascent phase occurs within the mixing dead time of 100(More)
Neuroglobin (Ngb) is a newly discovered oxygen-binding heme protein that is primarily expressed in the brain of humans and other vertebrates. To characterize the structure/function relationships of this new heme protein, we have used resonance Raman spectroscopy to determine the structure of the heme environment in Ngb from mice. In the Fe(2+)CO complex,(More)
We report the optical and resonance Raman spectral characterization of ferrous recombinant Chlamydomonas LI637 hemoglobin. We show that it is present in three pH-dependent equilibrium forms including a 4-coordinate species at acid pH, a 5-coordinate high spin species at neutral pH, and a 6-coordinate low spin species at alkaline pH. The proximal ligand to(More)
To elucidate the environment and ligand structure of the heme in barley hemoglobin (Hb), resonance Raman and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopic studies have been carried out. The heme is shown to have bis-imidazole coordination, and neither of the histidines has imidazolate character. Barley Hb has a unique heme environment as judged from the(More)