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We report here the cloning and initial characterization of PAS4, a gene required for peroxisome assembly in the yeast Pichia pastoris. The PAS4 gene encodes a 24-kDa protein (Pas4p) that is located on the cytoplasmic surface of peroxisomes and is induced during peroxisome proliferation. Analysis of the Pas4p sequence revealed a high degree of similarity to(More)
Import of newly synthesized PTS1 proteins into the peroxisome requires the PTS1 receptor (Pex5p), a predominantly cytoplasmic protein that cycles between the cytoplasm and peroxisome. We have identified Pex13p, a novel integral peroxisomal membrane from both yeast and humans that binds the PTS1 receptor via a cytoplasmically oriented SH3 domain. Although(More)
Pex5p, a receptor for peroxisomal matrix proteins with a type 1 peroxisome targeting signal (PTS1), has been proposed to cycle from the cytoplasm to the peroxisomal membrane where it docks with Pex14p and Pex13p, the latter an SH3 domain-containing protein. Using in vitro binding assays we have demonstrated that binding of Pex5p to Pex14p is enhanced when(More)
The heavy metal cadmium accumulates in kidney cells, particularly those of the proximal tubular epithelium, and the damage this causes is associated with development of chronic kidney disease. One of the causative mechanisms of chronic kidney disease is thought to be oxidative stress. Cadmium induces oxidative stress, but the molecular mechanisms involved(More)
Zellweger syndrome is the archetypical peroxisome biogenesis disorder and is characterized by defective import of proteins into the peroxisome, leading to peroxisomal metabolic dysfunction and widespread tissue pathology. In humans, mutations in the PEX13 gene, which encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein necessary for peroxisomal protein import, can lead(More)
A method for the isolation of peroxisomes from livers of normal and clofibrate-treated mice is described. The method utilizes glutaraldehyde to stabilize peroxisomal membranes, and isopycnic centrifugation of a light mitochondrial fraction through a linear metrizamide gradient to achieve optimal resolution from other organelles. On the basis of the(More)
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We previously described significant changes in GH-binding protein (GHBP) in pathological human pregnancy. There was a substantial elevation of GHBP in cases ofnoninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and a reduction in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. GHBP has the potential to modulate the proportion of free placental GH (PGH) and hence the impact on the(More)
The peroxisome-biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are a genetically and phenotypically diverse group of diseases caused by defects in peroxisome assembly. One of the milder clinical variants within the PBDs is neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD), a disease that is usually associated with partial defects in the import of peroxisomal matrix proteins that carry the(More)