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Import of newly synthesized PTS1 proteins into the peroxisome requires the PTS1 receptor (Pex5p), a predominantly cytoplasmic protein that cycles between the cytoplasm and peroxisome. We have identified Pex13p, a novel integral peroxisomal membrane from both yeast and humans that binds the PTS1 receptor via a cytoplasmically oriented SH3 domain. Although(More)
Zellweger syndrome is the archetypical peroxisome biogenesis disorder and is characterized by defective import of proteins into the peroxisome, leading to peroxisomal metabolic dysfunction and widespread tissue pathology. In humans, mutations in the PEX13 gene, which encodes a peroxisomal membrane protein necessary for peroxisomal protein import, can lead(More)
The peroxisome-biogenesis disorders (PBDs) are a genetically and phenotypically diverse group of diseases caused by defects in peroxisome assembly. One of the milder clinical variants within the PBDs is neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy (NALD), a disease that is usually associated with partial defects in the import of peroxisomal matrix proteins that carry the(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in intestinal secretory cells has been linked with colitis in mice and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Endogenous intestinal glucocorticoids are important for homeostasis and glucocorticoid drugs are efficacious in IBD. In Winnie mice with intestinal ER stress caused by misfolding of the Muc2 mucin, the glucocorticoid(More)
We previously described significant changes in GH-binding protein (GHBP) in pathological human pregnancy. There was a substantial elevation of GHBP in cases ofnoninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and a reduction in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. GHBP has the potential to modulate the proportion of free placental GH (PGH) and hence the impact on the(More)
The expression of the alpha 1, alpha 2 and alpha 3 isoforms of the GABAA receptor was studied in the superior frontal and motor cortices of 10 control, 10 uncomplicated alcoholic and 7 cirrhotic alcoholic cases matched for age and post-mortem delay. The assay was based on competitive RT/PCR using a single set of primers specific to the alpha class of(More)
Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a neonatal-lethal genetic disease that affects all tissues, and features neuropathology that involves primary developmental defects as well as neurodegeneration. Neuropathological changes include abnormal neuronal migration affecting the cerebral hemispheres, cerebellum and inferior olivary complex, abnormal Purkinje cell(More)
Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is a severe peroxisomal disorder caused by mutations in peroxisome biogenesis, or PEX, genes. A central hallmark of ZS is abnormal neuronal migration and neurodegeneration, which manifests as widespread neurological dysfunction. The molecular basis of ZS neuropathology is not well understood. Here we present findings using a mouse(More)
MOTIVATION The discrimination and measurement of fluorescent-labeled vesicles using microscopic analysis of fixed cells presents a challenge for biologists interested in quantifying the abundance, size and distribution of such vesicles in normal and abnormal cellular situations. In the specific application reported here, we were interested in quantifying(More)