Denis I. Crane

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MOTIVATION The discrimination and measurement of fluorescent-labeled vesicles using microscopic analysis of fixed cells presents a challenge for biologists interested in quantifying the abundance, size and distribution of such vesicles in normal and abnormal cellular situations. In the specific application reported here, we were interested in quantifying(More)
The molecular and cellular bases of neuronal cell death that underpin a wide range of neurodegenerative disorders are still not well understood. One approach to investigating neuronal death is through systematic studies of the changing morphology of cultured brain neurons in response to cellular challenges. Image segmentation methods developed to date to(More)
Delayed cerebellar development is a hallmark of Zellweger syndrome (ZS), a severe neonatal neurodegenerative disorder. ZS is caused by mutations in PEX genes, such as PEX13, which encodes a protein required for import of proteins into the peroxisome. The molecular basis of ZS pathogenesis is not known. We have created a conditional mouse mutant with(More)
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia (HSP) is a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders, diagnosed by progressive gait disturbances with muscle weakness and spasticity, for which there are no treatments targeted at the underlying pathophysiology. Mutations in spastin are a common cause of HSP. Spastin is a microtubule-severing protein whose mutation in mouse(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is an inherited neurological condition that leads to progressive spasticity and gait abnormalities. Adult-onset HSP is most commonly caused by mutations in SPAST, which encodes spastin a microtubule severing protein. In olfactory stem cell lines derived from patients carrying different SPAST mutations, we investigated(More)
Earlier findings from our laboratory implicated RhoA in heart developmental processes. To investigate factors that potentially regulate RhoA expression, RhoA gene organisation and promoter activity were analysed. Comparative analysis indicated strict conservation of both gene organisation and coding sequence of the chick, mouse, and human RhoA genes.(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in intestinal secretory cells has been linked with colitis in mice and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Endogenous intestinal glucocorticoids are important for homeostasis and glucocorticoid drugs are efficacious in IBD. In Winnie mice with intestinal ER stress caused by misfolding of the Muc2 mucin, the glucocorticoid(More)
Scaling behavior inherently exists in fundamental biological structures, and the measure of such an attribute can only be known at a given scale of observation. Thus, the properties of fractals and power-law scaling have become attractive for research in biology and medicine because of their potential for discovering patterns and characteristics of complex(More)
In this paper we present new algorithms based on region analysis of grey and distance differences of images that successfully circumvent these problems. Two key parameters of this analysis, window width and logical threshold, are automatically extracted for use in logical thresholding, and spurious regions are detected and removed through use of a(More)