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The concept of a threshold of dopamine (DA) depletion for onset of Parkinson's disease symptoms, although widely accepted, has, to date, not been determined experimentally in nonhuman primates in which a more rigorous definition of the mechanisms responsible for the threshold effect might be obtained. The present study was thus designed to determine (1) the(More)
We studied the effects of a fish oil enriched diet on fatty acid composition of cerebral membranes and on several neurochemical and behavioral variables of monoaminergic function in rats. The frontal cortex, striatum, hippocampus and cerebellum were studied in rats fed fish oil (FPO, 50% salmon oil + 50% palm oil), which provided an (n-6)/(n-3)(More)
We studied the effects of a diet chronically deficient in alpha-linolenic acid, the precursor of long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, on dopaminergic neurotransmission in the shell region of the nucleus accumbens of rats. In vivo microdialysis experiments showed increased basal levels of dopamine and decreased basal levels of metabolites,(More)
This study examined the effects of dietary alpha-linolenic acid [18:3(n-3)] deficiency on dopaminergic serotoninergic neurotransmission systems in 60-d-old male rats. Rats were fed semipurified diets containing either peanut oil [the (n-3)-deficient group] or peanut plus rapeseed oil (control group). We measured the densities of the serotonin-2 (5-HT2)(More)
There is growing evidence of activated microglia and inflammatory processes in the cerebral cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Activated microglia is characterized by increased expression of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in the brain and may be a useful biomarker of inflammation. In this study, we evaluated neuroinflammation in ALS(More)
Cellular therapy with adult stem cells appears as an opportunity for treatment of Parkinson's disease. To validate this approach, we studied the effects of transplantation of rat adult bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Animals were unilaterally lesioned in the striatum with 6-hydroxydopamine. Two weeks later, group I(More)
We studied the effects of a chronic deficiency in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) on the vesicle dopaminergic compartment in the frontal cortex of rats. Electronic micrographic analysis showed that the synaptic density and the clear vesicle density were similar in deficient and control rats. However, dopaminergic immunolabeling revealed a(More)
The aim of this study was to explore the potential of a new selective dopamine transporter (DAT) compound as a radioligand for positron emission tomography (PET) examination of DAT in the human brain. The high affinity DAT compound N-(3-iodoprop-2 E-enyl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-methylphenyl)nortropane (PE2I) was radiolabelled by the O-methylation(More)
In order to study the potentials of indirect and direct detection of neuronal damages in humans by single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT), we compared ex vivo cerebral biodistribution of [125I]PK 11195 with that of [125I]TISCH in a rat model of unilateral striatal excitotoxic lesion. Experiments on in vitro binding with [3H]PK 11195 as a(More)
The effects of alpha-linolenic acid diet deficiency on rat dopaminergic and serotoninergic neurotransmission systems were investigated in the frontal cortex, striatum, and cerebellum of male rats 2,6,12, and 24 months of age. The diet deficiency induced severe decrease in the 22:6n-3 fatty acid levels in all regions and a compensatory increase in n-6 fatty(More)