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The aim of this study was to explore the potential of a new selective dopamine transporter (DAT) compound as a radioligand for positron emission tomography (PET) examination of DAT in the human brain. The high affinity DAT compound N-(3-iodoprop-2 E-enyl)-2beta-carbomethoxy-3beta-(4-methylphenyl)nortropane (PE2I) was radiolabelled by the O-methylation(More)
Cellular therapy with adult stem cells appears as an opportunity for treatment of Parkinson's disease. To validate this approach, we studied the effects of transplantation of rat adult bone-marrow mesenchymal stem cells in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Animals were unilaterally lesioned in the striatum with 6-hydroxydopamine. Two weeks later, group I(More)
There is growing evidence of activated microglia and inflammatory processes in the cerebral cortex in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Activated microglia is characterized by increased expression of the 18 kDa translocator protein (TSPO) in the brain and may be a useful biomarker of inflammation. In this study, we evaluated neuroinflammation in ALS(More)
Gray matter atrophy, glucose hypometabolism, and β-amyloid Aβ deposition are well-described hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, but their relationships are poorly understood. The present study aims to compare the local levels of these three alterations in humans with Alzheimer's disease. Structural magnetic resonance imaging, (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron(More)
UNLABELLED The translocator protein (18 kDa) (TSPO), formerly known as the peripheral benzodiazepine receptor, is dramatically upregulated under pathologic conditions. Activated microglia are the main cell type expressing the TSPO at sites of central nervous system pathology. Radioligands for the TSPO can therefore measure active disease in the brain. This(More)
Environmental challenges during the prenatal period can result in behavioral abnormalities and cognitive deficits that appear later in life such as autism. Prenatal exposure to valproic acid, ethanol, thalidomide and misoprostol has been shown to be associated with an increased incidence of autism. In addition, rodents exposed in utero to some of these(More)
  • Diane Dufour-Rainfray, Patrick Vourc'h, Anne-Marie Le Guisquet, Lucette Garreau, David Ternant, Sylvie Bodard +6 others
  • 2010
In order to explore whether some aspects of the autistic phenotype could be related to impairment of the serotonergic system, we chose an animal model which mimics a potential cause of autism, i.e. rats exposed to valproate (VPA) on the 9th embryonic day (E9). Previous studies have suggested that VPA exposure in rats at E9 caused a dramatic shift in the(More)
BACKGROUND Several findings in humans support the hypothesis of links between n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status and psychiatric diseases. OBJECTIVE The involvement of PUFAs in central nervous system function can be assessed with the use of dietary manipulation in animal models. We studied the effects of chronic dietary n-3 PUFA deficiency on(More)
Previous investigations have shown that the lipid composition of cerebral membranes and dopaminergic neurotransmission are changed under chronic alpha-linolenic acid diet deficiency in the rat. This study investigated whether these changes could be reversed and if the stage of brain maturation might play a role in the recovery process. The effects of(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by a progressive loss of substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) neurons. The onset of clinical symptoms only occurs after the degeneration has exceeded a certain threshold. In most of the current 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) nonhuman primate models, nigrostriatal lesions and the onset of PD(More)