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We have investigated the effects of different biologically active components from natural products, including green tea polyphenols (GTP), resveratrol, genistein and organosulfur compounds from garlic, on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and MMP-12 activities. GTP caused the strongest inhibition of the three enzymes, as measured by fluorescence(More)
The Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) regulates the activation-inactivation cycle of Rho small GTPases, such as Cdc42 and RhoA, by extracting them from the membrane. To study the roles of Mg(2+), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)), ionic strength and phosphorylation on the interactions of RhoGDI with Cdc42 and RhoA, we developed a new,(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors (VEGFR) play a major role in tumor angiogenesis and, thus, represent attractive targets for the development of novel anticancer therapeutics. In this work, we report that green tea catechins are novel inhibitors of VEGFR-2 activity. Physiological concentrations (0.01-1 microM) of epigallocatechin-3(More)
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed at the surface of normal and cancer stem cells, progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells, and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to fundamental properties of stem cells such as self-renewal(More)
The stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) by tumor-derived VEGF represents a key event in the initiation of angiogenesis. In this work, we report that VEGFR-2 is localized in endothelial caveolae, associated with caveolin-1, and that this complex is rapidly dissociated upon stimulation with VEGF. The kinetics of caveolin-1(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a membrane-associated MMP that has been recently reported to have a central role in tumour cell invasion. Here we report that both the native and overexpressed recombinant forms of MT1-MMP are highly enriched in low-density Triton X-100-insoluble membrane domains that contain the caveolar marker protein(More)
Caveolae are small microdomains of the plasma membrane that are thought to play important roles in signal transduction processes. In this work, we have investigated the association of Rho proteins with caveolae-enriched membrane domains isolated from cultured endothelial cells. Fractionation of ECV304 cells by sucrose gradient density centrifugation in the(More)
The mechanisms underlying membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)-dependent induction of cell migration were investigated. Overexpression of MT1-MMP induced a marked increase in cell migration, this increase being dependent on the presence of the cytoplasmic domain of the protein. MT1-MMP-dependent migration was inhibited by a mitogen-activated(More)
The effects of Rho-specific modifying toxins on the tyrosine phosphorylation of endothelial cell proteins were investigated. Incubation of the cells with the Rho-activating toxin cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (CNF1) induced a marked increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of signalling intermediates of the vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
We have studied the distribution of membrane-associated L-isoaspartyl protein carboxyl methyltransferases (PCMTs) in plasma membranes purified from rat kidney cortex. Addition of CHAPS to brush-border membranes (BBM) and basolateral membranes (BLM) was required to measure optimal membrane-dependent methylation of ovalbumin and TS-isoD-YSKY, substrates of(More)