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The stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) by tumor-derived VEGF represents a key event in the initiation of angiogenesis. In this work, we report that VEGFR-2 is localized in endothelial caveolae, associated with caveolin-1, and that this complex is rapidly dissociated upon stimulation with VEGF. The kinetics of caveolin-1(More)
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptors play essential and complementary roles in angiogenesis and combined inhibition of these receptors has been shown to result in potent antitumor activity in vivo. In this study, we report that ellagic acid (EA), a natural polyphenol found in fruits and nuts,(More)
p-glycoprotein (p-gp) is an ATP-binding cassette transporter and its overexpression is responsible for the acquisition of the multidrug resistance phenotype in human tumors. p-gp is localized at the blood-brain barrier and is involved in brain cytoprotection. Our previous work used immunoprecipitation to show that caveolin-1 can interact with p-gp. In this(More)
Epidemiological studies have consistently linked abundant consumption of fruits and vegetables to a reduction of the risk of developing several types of cancer. In most cases, however, the identification of specific fruits and vegetables that are responsible for these effects is still lacking, retarding the implementation of effective dietary-based(More)
The details and functional significance of the intrinsic horizontal connections between neurons in the motor cortex (MCx) remain to be clarified. To further elucidate the nature of this intracortical connectivity pattern, experiments were done on the MCx of three cats. The anterograde tracer biocytin was ejected iontophoretically in layers II, III, and V.(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs) are associated with several inflammatory processes, including asthma. Due to this association, considerable effort has been invested in the development of antagonists to the CysLT receptors (CysLT(1)R). Many of these molecules have been shown to specifically interact with CysLT(1)R, but little is known about their impact on(More)
The classical treatment scheme for medulloblastoma (MB) is based on a tri-therapy approach consisting of surgical tumor resection, craniospinal axis radiation and chemotherapy. With current treatments relying mainly on non-specific cytotoxic therapy, a better understanding of the mechanisms underlying resistance to these treatments is important in order to(More)
Proteolysis of fibrin matrices by endothelial cells plays essential roles in the migratory and morphogenic differentiation processes underlying angiogenesis. Using an in vitro fibrinolysis model consisting of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) embedded in a three dimensional fibrin matrix, we show that VEGF, an angiogenic cytokine that plays a(More)
Proteolysis of extracellular matrix proteins by membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) plays a pivotal role in tumor and endothelial cell migration. In addition to its proteolytic activity, several studies indicate that the proinvasive properties of MT1-MMP also involve its short cytoplasmic domain, but the specific mechanisms mediating this(More)