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We have investigated the effects of different biologically active components from natural products, including green tea polyphenols (GTP), resveratrol, genistein and organosulfur compounds from garlic, on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and MMP-12 activities. GTP caused the strongest inhibition of the three enzymes, as measured by fluorescence(More)
The stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) by tumor-derived VEGF represents a key event in the initiation of angiogenesis. In this work, we report that VEGFR-2 is localized in endothelial caveolae, associated with caveolin-1, and that this complex is rapidly dissociated upon stimulation with VEGF. The kinetics of caveolin-1(More)
The Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) regulates the activation-inactivation cycle of Rho small GTPases, such as Cdc42 and RhoA, by extracting them from the membrane. To study the roles of Mg(2+), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)), ionic strength and phosphorylation on the interactions of RhoGDI with Cdc42 and RhoA, we developed a new,(More)
The mechanisms underlying membrane-type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP)-dependent induction of cell migration were investigated. Overexpression of MT1-MMP induced a marked increase in cell migration, this increase being dependent on the presence of the cytoplasmic domain of the protein. MT1-MMP-dependent migration was inhibited by a mitogen-activated(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent regulator of angiogenesis, which exerts direct effects on vascular endothelial cells, including endothelial cell proliferation and survival, tubulogenesis, and vascular permeability. In this study, we examined whether Neovastat, a naturally occurring multifunctional antiangiogenic drug, could(More)
A significant proportion of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and caveolin was co-localized in caveolae isolated from resistant (CH(R)C5) cells overexpressing P-gp and from drug-sensitive Chinese hamster ovary cells (AuxB1). The proportion of P-gp and caveolin associated with caveolar microdomains was higher in CH(R)C5 cells grown in the presence of P-gp substrates(More)
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed at the surface of normal and cancer stem cells, progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells, and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to fundamental properties of stem cells such as self-renewal(More)
Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a membrane-associated MMP that has been recently reported to have a central role in tumour cell invasion. Here we report that both the native and overexpressed recombinant forms of MT1-MMP are highly enriched in low-density Triton X-100-insoluble membrane domains that contain the caveolar marker protein(More)
Caveolae are small microdomains of the plasma membrane that are thought to play important roles in signal transduction processes. In this work, we have investigated the association of Rho proteins with caveolae-enriched membrane domains isolated from cultured endothelial cells. Fractionation of ECV304 cells by sucrose gradient density centrifugation in the(More)
The effects of Rho-specific modifying toxins on the tyrosine phosphorylation of endothelial cell proteins were investigated. Incubation of the cells with the Rho-activating toxin cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (CNF1) induced a marked increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of signalling intermediates of the vascular endothelial growth factor(More)