Denis Gingras

Learn More
The stimulation of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) by tumor-derived VEGF represents a key event in the initiation of angiogenesis. In this work, we report that VEGFR-2 is localized in endothelial caveolae, associated with caveolin-1, and that this complex is rapidly dissociated upon stimulation with VEGF. The kinetics of caveolin-1(More)
We have investigated the effects of different biologically active components from natural products, including green tea polyphenols (GTP), resveratrol, genistein and organosulfur compounds from garlic, on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9 and MMP-12 activities. GTP caused the strongest inhibition of the three enzymes, as measured by fluorescence(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent regulator of angiogenesis, which exerts direct effects on vascular endothelial cells, including endothelial cell proliferation and survival, tubulogenesis, and vascular permeability. In this study, we examined whether Neovastat, a naturally occurring multifunctional antiangiogenic drug, could(More)
Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a transmembrane MMP that plays important roles in migratory processes underlying tumor invasion and angiogenesis. In addition to its matrix degrading activity, MT1-MMP also contains a short cytoplasmic domain whose involvement in cell locomotion seems important but remains poorly understood. In this(More)
A significant proportion of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and caveolin was co-localized in caveolae isolated from resistant (CH(R)C5) cells overexpressing P-gp and from drug-sensitive Chinese hamster ovary cells (AuxB1). The proportion of P-gp and caveolin associated with caveolar microdomains was higher in CH(R)C5 cells grown in the presence of P-gp substrates(More)
The Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDI) regulates the activation-inactivation cycle of Rho small GTPases, such as Cdc42 and RhoA, by extracting them from the membrane. To study the roles of Mg(2+), phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)), ionic strength and phosphorylation on the interactions of RhoGDI with Cdc42 and RhoA, we developed a new,(More)
The effects of Rho-specific modifying toxins on the tyrosine phosphorylation of endothelial cell proteins were investigated. Incubation of the cells with the Rho-activating toxin cytotoxic necrotizing factor 1 (CNF1) induced a marked increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of signalling intermediates of the vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
p-glycoprotein (p-gp) is an ATP-binding cassette transporter and its overexpression is responsible for the acquisition of the multidrug resistance phenotype in human tumors. p-gp is localized at the blood-brain barrier and is involved in brain cytoprotection. Our previous work used immunoprecipitation to show that caveolin-1 can interact with p-gp. In this(More)
The interaction between human endothelial cells (EC) and leukocytes during inflammation is in part mediated through the release of soluble factors. Since platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a potent mediator of inflammatory responses, we investigated the potential of PAF to modulate IL-6 and GM-CSF production by EC. Exposure of these cells to PAF resulted(More)
CD133 (prominin-1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed at the surface of normal and cancer stem cells, progenitor cells, rod photoreceptor cells, and a variety of epithelial cells. Although CD133 is widely used as a marker of various somatic and putative cancer stem cells, its contribution to fundamental properties of stem cells such as self-renewal(More)