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Thyroid hormone (3,5,3'-triiodothyronine; T(3)) is essential for normal development of the vertebrate brain, influencing diverse processes such as neuronal migration, myelin formation, axonal maturation, and dendritic outgrowth. We have identified basic transcription element-binding protein (BTEB), a small GC box-binding protein, as a T(3)-regulated gene in(More)
Myotonic dystrophy is an RNA gain-of-function disease caused by expanded CUG or CCUG repeats, which sequester the RNA binding protein MBNL1. Here we describe a newly discovered function for MBNL1 as a regulator of pre-miR-1 biogenesis and find that miR-1 processing is altered in heart samples from people with myotonic dystrophy. MBNL1 binds to a UGC motif(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a common X-linked disease characterized by widespread muscle damage that invariably leads to paralysis and death. There is currently no therapy for this disease. Here we report that a subpopulation of circulating cells expressing AC133, a well-characterized marker of hematopoietic stem cells, also expresses early(More)
In this study we have developed an in vitro cell culture system which displays the majority of the defects previously described for congenital myotonic dystrophy (CDM) muscle in vivo. Human satellite cells were isolated from the quadriceps muscles of three CDM fetuses with different clinical severity. By Southern blot analysis all three cultures were found(More)
Nesprins are a family of nuclear transmembrane proteins anchored via Sun proteins to the nuclear membrane. Analysis of nesprins during human muscle development revealed an increase in nesprin-1-giant during early myogenesis in vitro. During the transition from immature to mature muscle fibres in vivo, nesprin-2 partly replaced nesprin-1 at the nuclear(More)
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by toxicity of an expanded, noncoding (CUG)n tract in DM protein kinase (DMPK) transcripts. According to current evidence the long (CUG)n segment is involved in entrapment of muscleblind (Mbnl) proteins in ribonuclear aggregates and stabilized expression of CUG binding protein 1 (CUGBP1), causing aberrant premRNA(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Aging of human skeletal muscle results in a decline in muscle mass and force, and excessive turnover of muscle fibres, such as in muscular dystrophies, further increases this decline. Although it has been shown in rodents, by cross-age transplantation of whole muscles, that the environment plays an important role in this process, the(More)
Myotonic Dystrophy type I (DM1) is caused by an abnormal expansion of CTG triplets in the 3' UTR of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene, leading to the aggregation of the mutant transcript in nuclear RNA foci. The expanded mutant transcript promotes the sequestration of the MBNL1 splicing factor, resulting in the misregulation of a subset of(More)
Muscle cell cultures derived from a myotonic dystrophy (DM1) fetus were established in order to determine on the one hand, whether the differentiation of DM1 myoblasts is altered and, on the other hand, whether the levels of myotonic dystrophy protein kinase (DMPK) protein is decreased in DM1 muscle cells. DM1 myoblasts isolated from a quadriceps of a(More)
Efficient muscle regeneration requires cross talk between multiple cell types via secreted signaling molecules. However, as yet there has been no comprehensive analysis of this secreted signaling network in order to understand how it regulates myogenesis in humans. Using integrated proteomic and genomic strategies, we show that human muscle cells release(More)