Denis Fohanno

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Functional neuroimaging has improved pre-planning of surgery in eloquent cortical areas, but remains unable to map white matter. Thus, tumour resection in functional subcortical regions still presents a high risk of sequelae. The authors successfully used intraoperative electrical stimulations to perform subcortical language pathway mapping in order to(More)
OBJECT The goal of this study was to determine the somatotopical structure-function relationships of the primary motor cortex in individual patients by using functional magnetic resonance (fMR) imaging. This was done to assess whether there is a displacement of functional areas compared with anatomical landmarks in patients harboring brain tumors close to(More)
OBJECTIVE Surgery of the insula represents a technical challenge, because of the proximity of the internal capsule to the lenticulostriate arteries and the lack of certainty concerning its functionality. Using intraoperative direct cerebral stimulation, combined with neuronavigation, the authors operated on 12 insular gliomas. On the basis of this(More)
¶ Indications of surgical treatment for lesions in the central nervous system depend on the risk of a definitive neurological deficit, related to the benefit of resection. Detection of eloquent areas is then necessary because of major individual variability. Neuro-imaging functional techniques are in development and are beginning to be efficient for(More)
OBJECT In this study the authors sought to estimate the frequency, seriousness, and delay of rebleeding in a homogeneous series of 20 patients whom they treated between May 1987 and May 1997 for arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) that were revealed by intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). The natural history of intracranial dural AVFs remains obscure. In many studies(More)
Forty patients with malignant supratentorial gliomas were treated with surgery, intra-arterial infusions of 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)chloroethylnitrosourea, and radiation therapy. The median duration of survival was 12 months; it differed according to the histological subtype (over 30 months for patients with anaplastic astrocytomas or anaplastic oligodendroglioma(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in terms of probabilities of local-regional control and survival, as well as of treatment-related toxicity, results of radiosurgery for brain metastasis arising in previously irradiated territory. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between January 1994 and March 2000, 54 consecutive patients presenting with 97 metastases relapsing after whole brain(More)
STUDY DESIGN The authors report the ninth case in the literature of a primary intradural extramedullary ependymoma of the spinal cord. OBJECTIVE To discuss surgical treatment and the physiopathologic hypothesis of this localization on the basis of the results of the present study and a review of the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Ependymoma is a(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is an operationally specific antigen in malignant gliomas; it is overexpressed in > 60% of these tumors, whereas its expression is very low in normal brain. This study aimed to evaluate whether an adequate amount of an anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody (MAb) could reach a tumor after a single intravenous(More)