Denis Escande

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The various cardiac regions have specific action potential properties appropriate to their electrical specialization, resulting from a specific pattern of ion-channel functional expression. The present study addressed regionally defined differential ion-channel expression in the non-diseased human heart with a genomic approach. High-throughput real-time(More)
Mutations in ion channels involved in the generation and termination of action potentials constitute a family of molecular defects that underlie fatal cardiac arrhythmias in inherited long-QT syndrome. We report here that a loss-of-function (E1425G) mutation in ankyrin-B (also known as ankyrin 2), a member of a family of versatile membrane adapters, causes(More)
BACKGROUND The SCN5A gene encoding the human cardiac sodium channel alpha subunit plays a key role in cardiac electrophysiology. Mutations in SCN5A lead to a large spectrum of phenotypes, including long-QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and isolated progressive cardiac conduction defect (Lenègre disease). METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we report(More)
Even though sequencing of the mammalian genome has led to the discovery of a large number of ionic channel genes, identification of the molecular determinants of cellular electrical properties in different regions of the heart has been rarely obtained. We developed a high-throughput approach capable of simultaneously assessing the expression pattern of(More)
The generation of the mammalian heartbeat is a complex and vital function requiring multiple and coordinated ionic channel activities. The functional role of low-voltage activated (LVA) T-type calcium channels in the pacemaker activity of the sinoatrial node (SAN) is, to date, unresolved. Here we show that disruption of the gene coding for CaV3.1/alpha1G(More)
The effects of 0.15–250 μM riluzole, a novel psychotropic agent with anticonvulsant properties, were studied on voltage-clamped nodes of Ranvier of isolated nerve fibres of the frog. When added to the external solution, the drug rapidly and reversibly inhibited both K and Na currents with an apparent dissociation constant of 0.09 mM. The riluzole-induced(More)
The beta-galactosidase reporter gene, either free or complexed with various cationic vectors, was microinjected into mammalian cells. Cationic lipids but not polyethylenimine or polylysine prevent transgene expression when complexes are injected in the nucleus. Polyethylenimine and to a lesser extent polylysine, but not cationic lipids, enhance transgene(More)
OBJECTIVES We have tested whether a genotype-phenotype relationship exists in Brugada syndrome (BS) by trying to distinguish BS patients with (carriers) and those without (non-carriers) a mutation in the gene encoding the cardiac sodium channel (SCN5A) using clinical parameters. BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome is an inherited cardiac disease characterized by(More)
Long Q-T mutant (KvLQT1) K(+) channels associate with their regulatory subunit IsK to produce the slow component of the delayed rectifier potassium (I(Ks)) cardiac current. The amplitude of KvLQT1 current depends on the expression of a KvLQT1 splice variant (isoform 2) that exerts strong dominant negative effects on the full-length KvLQT1 protein (isoform(More)