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Mutations in ion channels involved in the generation and termination of action potentials constitute a family of molecular defects that underlie fatal cardiac arrhythmias in inherited long-QT syndrome. We report here that a loss-of-function (E1425G) mutation in ankyrin-B (also known as ankyrin 2), a member of a family of versatile membrane adapters, causes(More)
The various cardiac regions have specific action potential properties appropriate to their electrical specialization, resulting from a specific pattern of ion-channel functional expression. The present study addressed regionally defined differential ion-channel expression in the non-diseased human heart with a genomic approach. High-throughput real-time(More)
BACKGROUND The SCN5A gene encoding the human cardiac sodium channel alpha subunit plays a key role in cardiac electrophysiology. Mutations in SCN5A lead to a large spectrum of phenotypes, including long-QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and isolated progressive cardiac conduction defect (Lenègre disease). METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we report(More)
The generation of the mammalian heartbeat is a complex and vital function requiring multiple and coordinated ionic channel activities. The functional role of low-voltage activated (LVA) T-type calcium channels in the pacemaker activity of the sinoatrial node (SAN) is, to date, unresolved. Here we show that disruption of the gene coding for CaV3.1/alpha1G(More)
Even though sequencing of the mammalian genome has led to the discovery of a large number of ionic channel genes, identification of the molecular determinants of cellular electrical properties in different regions of the heart has been rarely obtained. We developed a high-throughput approach capable of simultaneously assessing the expression pattern of(More)
We investigated the contribution of opening of the ATP-sensitive K+ channel to extracellular accumulation of K+ during ischemia with the use of glibenclamide, a specific blocker of this K+ channel. To characterize the electrophysiological effects of glibenclamide during metabolic inhibition (by either application of dinitrophenol or hypoxia) we performed(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously linked hereditary progressive cardiac conduction defect (hereditary Lenègre's disease) to a loss-of-function mutation in the gene encoding the main cardiac Na+ channel, SCN5A. In the present study, we investigated heterozygous Scn5a-knockout mice (Scn5a+/- mice) as a model for hereditary Lenègre's disease. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
The effects of 0.15–250 μM riluzole, a novel psychotropic agent with anticonvulsant properties, were studied on voltage-clamped nodes of Ranvier of isolated nerve fibres of the frog. When added to the external solution, the drug rapidly and reversibly inhibited both K and Na currents with an apparent dissociation constant of 0.09 mM. The riluzole-induced(More)