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In mechanically ventilated patients with acute circulatory failure related to sepsis, we investigated whether the respiratory changes in arterial pressure could be related to the effects of volume expansion (VE) on cardiac index (CI). Forty patients instrumented with indwelling systemic and pulmonary artery catheters were studied before and after VE.(More)
In hemodynamically unstable patients with spontaneous breathing activity, predicting volume responsiveness is a difficult challenge since the respiratory variation in arterial pressure cannot be used. Our objective was to test whether volume responsiveness can be predicted by the response of stroke volume measured with transthoracic echocardiography to(More)
In ventilated patients with acute lung injury (ALI) we investigated whether respiratory changes in arterial pulse pressure (DeltaPP) could be related to the effects of PEEP and fluid loading (FL) on cardiac index (CI). Measurements were performed before and after application of a PEEP (10 cm H2O) in 14 patients. When the PEEP-induced decrease in CI was >(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) and systolic pulmonary artery pressure (SPAP) are used interchangeably to define pulmonary hypertension (PH). We tested the hypothesis that the measurement of MPAP and SPAP is redundant in resting humans over a wide pressure range. DESIGN Prospective, observational study. SETTING Catheterization(More)
Pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease, also known as group 2 pulmonary hypertension according to the European Society of Cardiology/European Respiratory Society classification, is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. In patients with left heart disease, the development of pulmonary hypertension favours right heart dysfunction, which(More)
OBJECTIVE Weaning-induced pulmonary edema is a cause of weaning failure in high-risk patients. The diagnosis may require pulmonary artery catheterization to demonstrate increased pulmonary artery occlusion pressure (PAOP) during weaning. Transthoracic echocardiography can estimate left ventricular filling pressures using early (E) and late (A) peak(More)
On the basis of the windkessel model, the stroke volume-to-aortic pulse pressure ratio (SV/PP) has been proposed as an estimate of total arterial compliance, but recent studies have questioned this approximation. Aortic pressure was obtained at rest in 31 adults undergoing cardiac catheterization (47 +/- 14 yr): controls (n = 7), patients with dilated(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this time-domain study was to compare pulmonary artery (PA) pulse pressure and wave reflection in chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (CPTE) and primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). BACKGROUND Pulmonary artery pressure waveform analysis provides a simple and accurate estimation of right ventricular afterload in the time-domain.(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine whether the agreement between pulse contour and transpulmonary thermodilution cardiac index (CI) measurements is altered by changes in vascular tone within an up to 6-hr calibration-free period. DESIGN Observational study. SETTING Medical intensive care unit of a university hospital. PATIENTS Fifty-nine critically ill patients.(More)
The respective contribution of systemic vascular resistance (R) and total arterial compliance (C) to the arterial load remains to be established in humans. Effective arterial elastance (Ea), i.e., the left ventricular end-systolic pressure (LVESP)-over-stroke volume ratio, is a reliable estimate of arterial load. It is widely accepted that Ea mainly relates(More)