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INTRODUCTION Cefepime has been associated with a greater risk of mortality than other beta-lactams in patients treated for severe sepsis. Hypotheses for this failure include possible hidden side-effects (for example, neurological) or inappropriate pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters for bacteria with cefepime minimal inhibitory concentrations(More)
Linezolid is the first drug issued from the oxazolidinones, a novel class of antimicrobial agents with potent activity against gram-positive pathogens. A rabbit endocarditis model was used to compare the in vivo activities of different linezolid regimens mimicking intermittent dosing of 10 mg/kg of body weight every 12 h for 5 days or continuous(More)
Aminoglycosides are commonly used in the treatment of nosocomial pneumonia in association with beta-lactams. Unfortunately, penetration of intravenously administered aminoglycosides into the lung tissue remains low. In animal models, aerosolization of these drugs provides high lung concentrations and low serum levels. Three-hundred milligrams of tobramycin(More)
Using the rabbit endocarditis model, we compared the activity of a new broad-spectrum cephalosporin, ceftaroline, with those of linezolid and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. After a 4-day treatment, ceftaroline exhibited superior bactericidal in vivo activity against resistant S. aureus strains and appeared to be the most(More)
We investigated 25 patients (aged 20 to 70 yr) in septic shock with low systemic vascular resistance in order to assess the effects on renal function of prolonged (24 to 240 h) norepinephrine (NE) infusion (range 0.5 to 1.5 micrograms/kg.min). Two sets of renal function tests were made: a) control study before NE therapy after the initial intravascular(More)
Indifference or moderate antagonism of linezolid combined with other antibiotics in vitro and in vivo have mainly been reported in the literature. We have assessed the in vitro activities of linezolid, alone or in combination with imipenem, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains using the dynamic checkerboard and time-kill curve(More)
Once-daily dosage of aminoglycosides is currently under consideration. The lower toxicity of this regimen has been clearly established, but there are conflicting experimental and clinical data concerning its efficacy. It is inadvisable to optimize human therapy by extrapolation from experimental studies since animal and human pharmacokinetics differ. The(More)
The impact of different types of enzymatic resistance on the in vivo antibacterial activity of aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, and netilmicin) was studied in the rabbit endocarditis model with four strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Animals were treated in a manner simulating the administration of a single daily human dose. Amikacin had no effect on(More)
The combination of quinupristin-dalfopristin (Q-D) and gentamicin was tested against two strains of gentamicin- and dalfopristin-susceptible methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). One strain was susceptible to macrolides, lincosamides, and streptogramin B type antibiotics (MLS(B)), and the other was constitutively resistant to these antibiotics(More)
Linezolid in combination with ertapenem showed in vitro synergy against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains. We confirmed this interaction in vivo by using a rabbit endocarditis experimental model and simulation of the human pharmacokinetics in animals for both antibiotics. Linezolid plus ertapenem exhibited highly synergistic activity in(More)