Denis Bugnon

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Indifference or moderate antagonism of linezolid combined with other antibiotics in vitro and in vivo have mainly been reported in the literature. We have assessed the in vitro activities of linezolid, alone or in combination with imipenem, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains using the dynamic checkerboard and time-kill curve(More)
We investigated 25 patients (aged 20 to 70 yr) in septic shock with low systemic vascular resistance in order to assess the effects on renal function of prolonged (24 to 240 h) norepinephrine (NE) infusion (range 0.5 to 1.5 micrograms/kg.min). Two sets of renal function tests were made: a) control study before NE therapy after the initial intravascular(More)
Using the rabbit endocarditis model, we compared the activity of a new broad-spectrum cephalosporin, ceftaroline, with those of linezolid and vancomycin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. After a 4-day treatment, ceftaroline exhibited superior bactericidal in vivo activity against resistant S. aureus strains and appeared to be the most(More)
Indifference or even antagonism has mainly been reported with combinations including linezolid. The presence of in vitro antagonism is not always correlated with in vivo failure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vivo activity of linezolid combined with gentamicin using a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endocarditis(More)
INTRODUCTION Cefepime has been associated with a greater risk of mortality than other beta-lactams in patients treated for severe sepsis. Hypotheses for this failure include possible hidden side-effects (for example, neurological) or inappropriate pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters for bacteria with cefepime minimal inhibitory concentrations(More)
The impact of different types of enzymatic resistance on the in vivo antibacterial activity of aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, and netilmicin) was studied in the rabbit endocarditis model with four strains of Staphylococcus aureus. Animals were treated in a manner simulating the administration of a single daily human dose. Amikacin had no effect on(More)
The in vivo efficacy of vancomycin and teicoplanin against five Staphylococcus aureus strains with different susceptibilities to them and methicillin was studied. Rabbits were allocated at random to groups for endocarditis induction with one of these five strains and then treated for 2 days with vancomycin or teicoplanin. Each treated group was compared(More)
Significant differences between animal and human pharmacokinetics may be responsible for the conflicting results of experimental studies. This study determined the impact of human pharmacokinetic simulation (HPS) on gentamicin activity in an Enterococcus faecalis endocarditis model. The decrease in bacterial counts was greater with HPS than with a(More)
While developing a high-pressure liquid chromatography assay for cefepime in plasma, we observed significant drug degradation at 20 and 37 degrees C but not at 4 degrees C. This plasma-related degradation persisted after protein removal. This warrants caution regarding cefepime assays for pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of cefepime in vitro and(More)
Aminoglycosides are recommended for the treatment of Enterococcus faecalis infections, especially in severe and bacteremic infection. However, the optimal aminoglycoside or the optimal dosage remains uncertain. This study aimed to compare the activity of four aminoglycosides against E. faecalis (gentamicin, netilmicin, tobramycin, and amikacin) and two(More)