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The activity of brain regions of the so-called default mode network (DMN) attenuates during the performance of goal-directed tasks. These activity decreases (named task-induced deactivations; TID) are though to reflect the reallocation of cognitive resources from the DMN to areas implicated in the execution of the task. Recently, DMN activity suppression(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past decades, cognitive psychology contribution to our understanding of aging relies on two major perspectives, focusing on the selective impact of age on either cognitive multiple-systems or global factors of cognition: slowing, working memory and inhibition. In the latter, reduction in inhibitory control during aging (in its access,(More)
Schizophrenia patients show some deficits in executive processes (impaired behavioural performance and abnormal brain functioning). The aim of this study is to explore the brain activity of schizophrenia patients during different inhibitory tasks. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate to investigate the restraint and deletion aspects(More)
Information provided by a word activates various potential meanings. Comprehension involves the suppression of inappropriate meanings of ambiguous words in order to finetune the intended meaning of sentences. If older adults become less efficient at inhibiting contextually irrelevant information, then multiple meanings of ambiguous words would be activated(More)
According to the body specificity hypothesis, the way we interact with our environment participates in our conceptualization of concepts and word meanings. For instance, valence is associated to horizontal space because of the motor fluency by which one acts with one's dominant hand. We propose that the decisive factor in the compatibility effects between(More)
Most of the experiments which give theories of embodied cognition their empirical anchorage only take into consideration the motor responses induced by the task or the motor component of the visual stimulus. And yet, these motor responses are often associated with a linguistic answer. Our hypothesis is that "YES" and "NO" verbal responses have a motor(More)
This study aims to demonstrate the effect of action fluency on emotional evaluation, specifically to show that neutral words can be evaluated positively or negatively depending on motor activity and evaluative setting. Right-handers naturally tend to associate positive (negative) valence to the right (left) part of space (Casasanto, 2009). We extend these(More)
Recent results from Cannon, Hayes, and Tipper (2010) have established that the Action Compatibility Effect (ACE) is hedonically marked and elicits a genuine positive reaction. In this work, we aim to show that the hedonic marking of the ACE has incidental consequences on affective judgment. For this, we used the affective priming paradigm principle (for a(More)
Studies and models have suggested that color perception first involves access to semantic representations of color. This result leads to two questions: (1) is knowledge able to influence the perception of color when associated with a color? and (2) can the perception of color really involve only semantic representations? We developed an experiment where(More)
OBJECTIVES In schizophrenia, alteration in the prefrontal cortex can induce some deficiencies of the executive functions, and among them errors in inhibition of prepotent responses. This type of inhibitory processes was called "restraint function" by Hasher et al. It implies a conscious and voluntary inhibition which demands attentional resources. Among the(More)