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The importance of macrophage infection for the development of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) was investigated. Molecularly cloned simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)mac239 replicates very poorly in cultured macrophages yet it causes AIDS in rhesus monkeys. Three of five rhesus monkeys that died with AIDS following SIVmac239 infection showed no(More)
The influenza virus polymerase, a heterotrimer composed of three subunits, PA, PB1 and PB2, is responsible for replication and transcription of the eight separate segments of the viral RNA genome in the nuclei of infected cells. The polymerase synthesizes viral messenger RNAs using short capped primers derived from cellular transcripts by a unique(More)
Microtubules are dynamic structures that present the peculiar characteristic to be ice-cold labile in vitro. In vivo, microtubules are protected from ice-cold induced depolymerization by the widely expressed MAP6/STOP family of proteins. However, the mechanism by which MAP6 stabilizes microtubules at 4 °C has not been identified. Moreover, the microtubule(More)
Biological environmental monitoring (BEM) is a growing field of research which challenges both microfluidics and system automation. The aim is to develop a transportable system with analysis throughput which satisfies the requirements: (i) fully autonomous, (ii) complete protocol integration from sample collection to final analysis, (iii) detection of(More)
Fission yeast p56(chk1) kinase is known to be involved in the DNA damage checkpoint but not to be required for cell cycle arrest following exposure to the DNA replication inhibitor hydroxyurea (HU). For this reason, p56(chk1) is considered not to be necessary for the DNA replication checkpoint which acts through the inhibitory phosphorylation of p34(cdc2)(More)
The N-terminal sequence of the catalytic subunit of fission yeast DNA polymerase alpha (pol alpha) contains two putative nuclear localization signals (NLS). To check the functionality of these signals in vivo, the N-terminal sequence was experimentally divided into three amino acid blocks, two of which contain a distinct presumptive NLS. Each block was(More)
Nuclear glycoconjugates were detected in situ by two lectins--Concanavalin A and Wheat germ agglutinin--on tissue sections embedded in the hydrophilic resin glycol methacrylate. These lectins were conjugated with fluorescein isothiocyanate for fluorescence microscopy, and labelled with ferritin for electron microscopy. The ovarian follicle of the lizard(More)
The structure and the polypeptide composition of the nuclear shell isolated from interphase HeLa cells have been investigated and compared to those of the intranuclear material. The isolated nuclear shell contains chromatin superstructures (28-32 nm thick fibres) made of tightly packed nucleosomes that resist low ionic strength conditions and that are(More)
c-Src can disrupt the connexin 43 (Cx43) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) interaction, leading to down-regulation of gap junction intercellular communication. Previously, the authors characterized the interaction of domains from these proteins with the carboxyl terminus of Cx43 (Cx43CT) and found that binding of the c-Src SH3 domain to Cx43CT disrupted the(More)