Denis Blache

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Folic acid deficiency represents a vitamin deficiency that may be due either to an inadequacy of the dietary supply or to an increased requirement. It leads to a number of abnormalities including hematological, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. In this study, we investigated whether folic acid deficiency would influence platelet and macrophage(More)
The increasing possibility that homocysteine might be involved in atherosclerosis in non-homocysteinuric subjects has required the measurement of low concentrations of this aminothiol in biological samples. The procedure described here represents an improvement of different HPLC methods. We utilized an isocratic HPLC system with fluorescence detection of(More)
Free radicals are a normal feature of cellular oxygen metabolism. However, free radical-associated damage is an important factor in many pathological and toxicological processes. For a long time, lipid peroxidation, mediated by oxygen-derived free radicals, was probably the most extensively investigated process. From more recent studies, it has become(More)
A moderate elevation of plasma homocysteine is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and arterial and veinous thrombosis. However, the mechanisms leading to vascular disorders are poorly understood because studies that have investigated the potential atherothrombogenicity of hyperhomocysteinemia in vivo are scarce. Using a rat model, we were the first to show(More)
Epidemiological data consistently show that reduced levels of serum albumin, which is the most abundant protein in plasma, are associated with an increased mortality risk. Various biological properties evidenced by direct effects of the albumin molecule may explain its beneficial effects. The present work aimed to investigate in vitro whether glycation or(More)
Based on recent retrospective, prospective, and experimental studies, mild to moderate elevation of fasting or postmethionine-load plasma homocysteine is accepted as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and thrombosis in both men and women. Hyperhomocysteinemia results from an inhibition of the remethylation pathway or from an inhibition or(More)
Antioxidant properties of human serum albumin (HSA) may explain part of its beneficial role in various diseases related to free radical attack. In the present study, the antioxidant role of Cys and Met was studied by copper-mediated oxidation of human low density lipoproteins and by free radical-induced blood hemolysis which essentially assessed(More)
In previous studies conducted in rats and in women, we have shown that oral contraceptive (OC) administration induced a platelet hyperaggregation simultaneously with an increased platelet lipid biosynthesis which might be related to lipid peroxidation. In the present study, we specifically studied the arachidonic acid and the fibrinolytic pathways in(More)
  • D Blache
  • The American journal of physiology
  • 1995
Previous studies have established that cigarette smoking results in acute platelet hyperaggregability. We investigated whether changes in plasma oxidative properties could occur after smoking and whether such changes could be responsible for this enhanced platelet activity. In the present work, we report that platelets from nonsmokers become hyperactive(More)
The effects of organic and inorganic calcium antagonists on washed platelets from rat and human have been studied. Platelet aggregation was assessed by turbidimetry. Endogenous serotonin release was measured on the same sample by means of electrochemically treated carbon fiber electrodes. The organic calcium antagonist, nitrendipine, and the inorganic(More)