Denis Beauchamp

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To improve the in vitro anti-HIV-1 activity, intracellular accumulation in macrophages and in vivo pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of foscarnet (trisodium phosphonoformate; PFA) by encapsulation in liposomes. METHODS The accumulation of free and liposome-encapsulated PFA was determined in monocyte-macrophage RAW 264.7 cells and human(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of liposome encapsulation on the in vitro antiviral efficacy, intracellular uptake and in vivo pharmacokinetics of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddl). METHODS The accumulation of free and liposome-encapsulated ddl was determined in murine monocyte-macrophage RAW 264.7 cells and human premonocytoid U937 cells. The antiviral(More)
Temporal variations in the renal toxicity of aminoglycosides have been reported for experimental animals as well as for humans. In fact, maximal renal toxicity of aminoglycosides was observed when the drug was given during the rest period, while a lower toxicity was observed when the drug was injected during the activity period. The aim of the present study(More)
The effect of coadministration of fosfomycin (FOM) on glycopeptide antibiotic-induced nephrotoxicity for 3 days was investigated in rats. To induce nephrotoxicity in a short time, gentamicin (GM) was also coadministered. In the present study, FOM decreased glycopeptide antibiotic-induced nephrotoxicity as shown by reduced urinary excretion of(More)
The effect of ceftriaxone on tobramycin-induced nephrotoxicity was investigated. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were treated during 4 and 10 days with saline (NaCl, 0.9%), ceftriaxone at a dose of 100 mg/kg of body weight/12 h subcutaneously, tobramycin at doses of 40 and 60 mg/kg/12 h intraperitoneally, or the combination ceftriaxone-tobramycin. Creatinine(More)
Interleukin (IL)-10 is a biologically active anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokine. The respective effects or combined effect of ceftriaxone (Ctri) and IL-10 on host response was studied in a mouse model of lethal pneumococcal pneumonia. A once daily intraperitoneal (ip) injection of IL-10 (1 microg/mouse) for 2 days did not affect inflammation(More)
A study recently conducted across Canada showed that 64 of 2,503 clinical isolates of Haemophilus influenzae were resistant to beta-lactams without production of a beta-lactamase (L. D. Tremblay, J. L'Ecuyer, P. Provencher, M. G. Bergeron, and Canadian Study Group, Can. Med. Assoc. J. 143:895-900, 1990). The beta-lactamase-negative strains formed three(More)
The lipopeptide daptomycin has been reported to reduce in vivo the nephrotoxicity of aminoglycoside antibiotics (Wood et al. (1989) Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 33, 1280-1285; Beauchamp et al. (1990) Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 34, 139-147). A recent dialysis study confirmed the existence of an electrostatic interaction between daptomycin and tobramycin(More)
Fibrin is an integral component of intravascular thrombus, surgical wounds, haematomas, vegetations and foreign bodies which predispose to infection. The tropism that many pathogens have for fibrin may favour bacterial growth and lead to infection. To improve our understanding of the pharmacodynamic interaction between antibiotics and pathogens infecting(More)
OBJECTIVE To improve the pharmacokinetics and lymphoid tissues targeting of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) by encapsulation in liposomes. METHODS The pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of free and liposome-encapsulated ddI were determined in C57BL/6 mice following intravenous and subcutaneous administration of a single bolus dose (3 mg ddI/kg). (More)