Denene Lofland

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BB-83698, a potent and selective inhibitor of peptide deformylase, was the first compound of this novel antibacterial class to progress to clinical trials. Single- and/or multiple-dose studies with doses ranging from 10 to 50 mg of BB-83698/kg of body weight were done with mice, rats, and dogs. Intravenous pharmacokinetics were characterized by low to(More)
The Pseudomonas aeruginosa efflux pumps MexAB-OprM, MexCD-OprJ, and MexEF-OprN play an important role in susceptibility to fluoroquinolones in vitro. To determine if levofloxacin MICs arising from different levels of expression of efflux pumps result in a proportional reduction in the response to levofloxacin in vivo, isogenic strains of P. aeruginosa were(More)
OBJECTIVE BB-81384, a novel peptide deformylase (PDF) inhibitor, was characterized in terms of enzyme inhibition profile, antibacterial activity, rodent pharmacokinetics and oral efficacy in murine infection models. METHODS MICs were determined by standard NCCLS broth microdilution. Selectivity of metalloenzyme inhibition was determined with a limited(More)
Peptide deformylase (PDF) catalyzes the removal of the N-terminal formyl group from newly synthesized polypeptides in eubacteria. Its essential role in bacterial cells but not in mammalian cells makes it an attractive target for antibacterial drug design. We have previously reported an N-formylhydroxylamine-based, metal-chelating macrocyclic PDF inhibitor,(More)
The metalloenzyme peptide deformylase (PDF) represents one of the most promising bacterial targets in the search for novel mode of action antibiotics that lack cross-resistance to existing drugs. Initial research and clinical development has focused on anti-pneumococcal applications. During optimization, peptide analogs were developed containing either a(More)
OBJECTIVES BB-83698 is a peptide deformylase inhibitor currently in clinical trials in Europe. The purpose of this study was to provide additional susceptibility data from clinical isolates, including drug-resistant strains. METHODS The in vitro activities of BB-83698 and comparators were determined against 281 streptococci, 154 Staphylococcus aureus, 110(More)
Eravacycline is a novel broad-spectrum fluorocycline antibiotic being developed for a wide range of serious infections. Eravacycline was efficacious in mouse septicemia models, demonstrating 50% protective dose (PD50) values of ≤ 1 mg/kg of body weight once a day (q.d.) against Staphylococcus aureus, including tetracycline-resistant isolates of(More)
Employing a highly efficient total synthesis approach, we synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity diverse and novel pentacycline analogs with systematic variations at C7, C8, C9, and C10. Certain substitution groups, as well as substitution patterns at various positions, were found to be preferred for increased antibacterial activity. A number(More)
A novel series of fully synthetic 8-azatetracyclines was prepared and evaluated for antibacterial activity. Compounds were identified that overcome both efflux (tet(K)) and ribosomal protection (tet(M)) tetracycline resistance mechanisms and are active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms. Two compounds were identified that exhibit comparable(More)
Potent in vivo activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been difficult to achieve with previously reported DNA binding antibacterials. Herein, we describe an efficient access to a focused library of new analogues yielding compounds with improved activity in a mouse peritonitis model. The most potent molecules (14 and 19)(More)