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A numerical model of the mandible, its articulating surfaces, and the forces exerted by the primary masticatory muscles has been developed for the purpose of investigating loading of the temporomandibular joint. Evidence is presented which shows that the temporomandibular joint. Evidence is presented which shows that the temporomandibular joint is a(More)
[1] We use lightning sferics from the World Wide Lightning Location Network to identify storms near 362 Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs). The combined spectrum of TGFs with storms within 300 km of the sub-satellite point is much harder than the spectrum of TGFs with more distant storms. When these data are compared with simulations of vertically(More)
BACKGROUND It is not clear how far brain abnormalities in early-onset schizophrenia result from progressive neurodevelopmental or neurodegenerative processes. Aims To investigate the hypothesis that structural brain abnormalities in adolescent-onset schizophrenia are progressive in the early phase of the illness. METHOD A magnetic resonance imaging(More)
A degree of ventricular enlargement, together with a reduction of total cortical mass and loss of asymmetry is reported in schizophrenia, but the meaning is obscure. These changes may reflect an anomaly of brain development. Brain structure was assessed on a 1.5-Tesla MRI scan in a series of 29 adolescents at the time of a first episode of schizophrenia and(More)
The objective of this study was to analyze postnatal eminence development quantitatively, as a first step in defining the relationship between loading of the TMJ and eminence development. A sample of human osteological remains provided the temporal bones of forty-nine (49) individuals of ages between birth and twenty years. An angular measurement technique(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of oral vanadium supplementation for glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes by conducting a systematic review of the literature. DESIGN AND METHODS Eligible studies were identified by searching 14 databases using standardized terms. Experts, study authors and manufacturers were also contacted. Hand-searching was not(More)
Partner Organizations Matching funds have been provided by the The Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation has supported a diversity of NCEAS projects. A new project is designed to identify, map and compare the importance of human impacts on the California Current marine ecosystem. This project partners the University of California with non-governmental(More)
The objectives of the present study were to characterize the loading of the immature TMJ, and to develop a theoretical model to explain the relationship between joint loading and development of the eminence of the human TMJ. The osteological remains of forty individuals, ages ranging from birth to twenty years, were used to provide metric coordinates of the(More)
(ADELE), an array of six gamma‐ray detectors, detected a brief burst of gamma rays while flying aboard a Gulfstream V jet near two active thunderstorm cells. The duration and spectral characteristics of the event are consistent with the terrestrial gamma ray flashes (TGFs) seen by instruments in low Earth orbit. A long‐duration, complex +IC flash was taking(More)