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The effect of excercise on brain function was investigated through animal experiments. Exercise leads to increased serum calcium levels, and the calcium is transported to the brain. This in turn enhances brain dopamine synthesis through a calmodulin-dependent system, and increased dopamine levels regulate various brain functions. There are abnormally low(More)
The effect of different frequencies of music on brain function was investigated through measurement of blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Previous studies indicated that exposure to Mozart's music (K. 205) leads to increased calcium/calmodulin-dependent dopamine synthesis in the brain, and that the subsequent increase in dopamine(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of dopamine receptor antagonists on the calcium-dependent brain function that reduces blood pressure were investigated. The systolic blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR; male, 13 weeks of age) was reduced following i.c.v. administration of calcium chloride (100 microg/rat),(More)
The effects of the intraventricular (IVT) administration of cadmium on the amount of dopamine (DA) in various regions of the mice brain were analyzed immunohistochemically using a microphotometry system. DA levels in the neostriatum and nucleus accumbens were increased by approximately 30% (p<0.01) by the IVT administration of CdCl2 (1 μmol/kg). This effect(More)
The mechanism by which music modifies brain function is not clear. Clinical findings indicate that music reduces blood pressure in various patients. We investigated the effect of music on blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Previous studies indicated that calcium increases brain dopamine (DA) synthesis through a calmodulin(More)
The effects of calcium on blood pressure regulation remain controversial. Although the mechanism by which calcium increases blood pressure when it is given intravenously and acutely has been elucidated, that by which calcium reduces blood pressure when it is supplemented chronically and slightly through daily diet is unclear. From a number of animal(More)
The effect of intraventricular administration of calcium on the mean arterial pressure in the conscious rat was investigated. Biphasic changes of blood pressure, fugitive rapid increment during the first 3 min and gradual lengthy decrement during the next 60 min were observed by the administration of CaCl2 (30 mumol/kg). Both these changes were significant(More)
The effect of W-7 (N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide), a calmodulin antagonist, on the calcium-bound conformation of calmodulin was studied by 1H-NMR at 400 MHz. W-7 affected the resonances of Ile-27, Phe-68, Phe-92, Ile-100, His-107 and Val-142. The resonances of Met-71, Met-72, Met-76, Phe-89 and Phe-141 may be affected by W-7. These(More)
GABAergic and glutamatergic neuronal systems in adult normal human brains were shown quantitatively and in detail through the distributions of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH), respectively. Consecutive coronal sections containing part of the striatum and the substantia nigra were obtained from the right hemisphere of three(More)
The distributions of the cholinergic system and catecholaminergic system in the normal human brain were analysed quantitatively by a microphotometry system. Consecutive coronal sections were obtained from the anterior area of the left hemisphere and were stained alternately with fluorescent immunohistochemical staining for choline acetyltransferase or(More)