Demosthenes Makris

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The present study prospectively evaluated the diagnostic yield and safety of electromagnetic navigation-guided bronchoscopy biopsy, for small peripheral lung lesions in patients where standard techniques were nondiagnostic. The study was conducted in a tertiary medical centre on 40 consecutive patients considered unsuitable for straightforward surgery or(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by increased oxidative stress. Dietary factors, such as ample consumption of foods rich in antioxidants, such as fruit and vegetables, might have beneficial effects in COPD patients. The association between dietary shift to foods rich in antioxidants and lung function in COPD was investigated in(More)
Care Network) in 2004 to elucidate which of these admission guidelines and diagnostic criteria are utilized in practice. The first questionnaire asked physicians which of the following ICU admission criteria they use: American Thoracic Society (ATS) 1993 and 2001, 1 British Thoracic Society (BTS) CURB or CURB-65, 1 pneumonia severity index (PSI) class IV(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes and especially the subpopulations of CD8+ cells are believed to have a key role in COPD pathophysiology, but there are only few data regarding the role of these cells in COPD exacerbation. AIM We aimed to study prospectively changes of CD8+ T-lymphocyte subpopulations in the sputum of COPD patients at the onset of mild(More)
Increased frequency of microsatellite DNA instability (MSI) has been detected in the sputum of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between MSI in sputum cells and exacerbation frequency, which is an important parameter in the clinical course of the disease. Induced sputum(More)
INTRODUCTION Elevated plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with critical sepsis (severe sepsis and septic shock) may indicate septic cardiomyopathy. However, multiple heterogeneous conditions may also be involved in increased BNP level. In addition, the prognostic value of BNP in sepsis remains debatable. In this study, we sought to(More)
INTRODUCTION Two small randomized controlled trials have suggested beneficial effects of antibiotic treatment in patients with ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis (VAT). The primary aim of this study is to determine the impact of appropriate antibiotic treatment on transition from VAT to ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients.(More)
Previous studies have shown that microsatellite (MS) DNA instability (MSI) is detectable in sputum cells in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether asthma and COPD could be distinguished at the MS DNA level. DNA was extracted from sputum cells and white blood cells from 63 COPD(More)
BACKGROUND The inhalation of normal or hypertonic saline during sputum induction (SI) may act as an indirect bronchoconstrictive stimulus leading to dyspnea and lung function deterioration. Our aim was to assess dyspnea and adverse events in COPD patients who undergo SI following a safety protocol. METHODS Sputum was induced by normal and hypertonic(More)
INTRODUCTION Sedative and analgesic medications are routinely used in mechanically ventilated patients. The aim of this review is to discuss epidemiologic data that suggest a relationship between infection and sedation, to review available data for the potential causes and pathophysiology of this relationship, and to identify potential preventive measures.(More)