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To investigate the diagnostic performance of Doppler echocardiography (DE) in predicting the outcome of weaning from mechanical ventilation in patients without overt cardiac disease. Fifty critical care noncardiac patients who fulfilled predetermined criteria for weaning underwent DE before and at the end of spontaneous breathing trial (pre-SBT/end-SBT,(More)
Colistin pharmacokinetics were prospectively studied after intravenous administration of colistin methanesulphonate in critically ill patients without central nervous system infection (controls, n = 5) and in patients with external ventricular drain-associated ventriculitis after intravenous administration (EVDViv, n = 3) or combined(More)
Two colistin-susceptible/colistin-resistant (Col(s)/Col(r)) pairs of Acinetobacter baumannii strains assigned to international clone 2, which is prevalent worldwide, were sequentially recovered from two patients after prolonged colistin administration. Compared with the respective Col(s) isolates (Ab248 and Ab299, both having a colistin MIC of 0.5 μg/ml),(More)
The aim of this work is to evaluate the outcome of patients treated with intrathecal colistin for meningitis/ventriculitis. This retrospective case series study included patients presenting with nosocomial meningitis/ventriculitis following neurosurgical interventions and having intravenous (IVC group) or intravenous and intrathecal/intraventricular(More)
BACKGROUND T lymphocytes and especially the subpopulations of CD8+ cells are believed to have a key role in COPD pathophysiology, but there are only few data regarding the role of these cells in COPD exacerbation. AIM We aimed to study prospectively changes of CD8+ T-lymphocyte subpopulations in the sputum of COPD patients at the onset of mild(More)
Pneumothorax is a common disease in emergency medicine. It is a medical problem requiring prompt treatment and often hospitalization. Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) pathophysiology is related to emphysematous lung changes and smoking (dose dependent). Requirement for air removal depends on the size and tolerance of PSP. Chest tube drainage (CTD) can(More)
AIM To investigate whether there is a significant relationship between an increased frequency of exacerbations and the rate of forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV(1)) decline in COPD patients. METHODS-MEASUREMENTS: About 102 COPD patients (44 smokers, 58 ex-smokers) participated in a 3-year prospective study. Exacerbations were identified as worsening of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and outcome of external cerebral ventricular drainage-associated ventriculitis in neurocritical patients before and after the implementation of a bundle of external cerebral ventricular drainage-associated ventriculitis control measures. DESIGN Clinical prospective case series. SETTING University Hospital of Larissa,(More)
Sepsis is a stressful physical condition, and at the acute phase, overstimulation of the sympathetic nervous system may occur; these events have the potential to induce cardiomyopathy. Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a form of catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, which occurs very rarely in sepsis. However, TTC management in critically ill patients with(More)