Demitrios H. Vynios

Learn More
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in proteoglycan (PG) forms or as free GAGs are implicated in the growth and progression of malignant tumors. These macromolecules were investigated in human gastric carcinoma (HGC) and compared with those in human normal gastric mucosa (HNG). We report that HGC contained about 2-fold increased amounts of GAGs in comparison to HNG.(More)
Bovine pericardium (BP) is a source of natural biomaterials with a wide range of clinical applications. In the present work we studied the dynamic mechanical behavior of BP in native form and under specific enzymatic degradation with chondroitinase ABC extracted a 17% of the total glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The GAGs content of native BP was composed mainly(More)
The conversion of a normal glycoprotein, prion protein (PrP(C)), to its abnormal protease-resistant isoform (PrP(Sc)) seems to be one of the main factors underlying the pathogenesis of spongiform encephalopathies. There are many studies indicating that PrP interacts with glycosaminoglycans, and we exploited this interaction to develop a sensitive solid(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the expression of metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in the aqueous humour of patients with exfoliation syndrome (XFS). XFS and control samples were analysed for their MMP content by zymography and for their tissue inhibitors by ELISA. In XFS eyes, an increase for up to 60% in almost all(More)
The glycosaminoglycans are implicated in many processes important in the growth and progression of malignant tumors. In the present study glycosaminoglycans were purified from healthy, macroscopically normal and cancerous specimens of different anatomic sites and different stages of cancer and analyzed by FACE after chondroitinases and sulfatases digestion.(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) components form a dynamic network of key importance for cell function and properties. Key macromolecules in this interplay are syndecans (SDCs), a family of transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs). Specifically, heparan sulfate (HS) chains with their different sulfation pattern have the ability to interact with growth(More)
Hyaluronan and sulfated glycosaminoglycans, as intrinsic components of proteoglycans, are playing important roles in cancer biology. In the present study, we investigated in detail the glycosaminoglycans on both fine chemical and structural levels in laryngeal cartilaginous and non-cartilaginous tissues at different stages of laryngeal cancer. The results(More)
Aggrecan is a key component of cartilage and is responsible for the integrity and function of the tissue. In this study, the content of aggrecan and its structural modifications in adjacent to cancer apparently normal cartilages (AANCs) from various stages of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) were investigated. Our data demonstrated a stage-related(More)
Derangement of cellular immunity is central in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) and is often manifested by abnormal cytokine production. We investigated cytokine secretion in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of 18 MS patients and 15 controls and correlated cytokine polarization with the nature of antigenic stimulus. We synthesized two(More)
Chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate are galactosaminoglycans that have similar size and charge density thus making difficult their separation and accurate determination from tissue preparations. A procedure was developed, which was based on the specific action of chondroitinase B, that allowed the determination of dermatan sulfate content in a mixture(More)