Demetrius M. Kokkinakis

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PURPOSE AND EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The contributions of O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase(MGMT), p53 status, mismatch repair, and apoptotic response to the resistance of glial tumors to temozolomide (TMZ) were tested using seven established human glial tumor cell lines in culture and xenografts in athymic mice. RESULTS Resistance to TMZ was only(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinomas rarely respond to radiation or chemotherapy, indicating that a large percentage of these tumors possess complex mechanisms of resistance. The failure of alkylating agents, such as carmustine [1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea; BCNU], lomustine [1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea; CCNU], and streptozotocin, to yield(More)
We have shown previously that allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), a constituent of cruciferous vegetables, significantly inhibits survival of PC-3 and LNCaP human prostate cancer cells in culture, whereas proliferation of a normal prostate epithelial cell line is minimally affected by AITC even at concentrations that are highly cytotoxic to the prostate cancer(More)
PURPOSE The major mechanism of resistance to alkylnitrosourea therapy is the DNA repair protein O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase (AGT), which removes chlorethylation or methylation damage from the O6-position of guanine. O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG) is an AGT substrate that inhibits AGT by suicide inactivation. We conducted a phase I trial to define the(More)
O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), a constitutively expressed DNA repair protein, removes alkyl groups from the O6-position of guanine in DNA. Tumor cells with high MGMT activity are resistant to nitrosoureas and other agents that form toxic O6-alkyl adducts. O6-Benzylguanine (BG) inactivates the MGMT protein and thereby enhances the sensitivity(More)
Depletion of plasma methionine is expected to inhibit or reverse growth of methionine-dependent tumors; however, modulation of methionine and other sulfur amino acids is not a trivial task in experimental animals. L-Methioninase from Pseudomonas putida at 1,000 U/kg causes acute reduction of plasma methionine by 80% in mice, but recovery occurs within 14(More)
Wnt/beta-catenin signaling plays an important role in normal development. However, its aberrant activation is associated with several cancers. The aim of this study is to examine the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway in patients with advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma (n = 31). Paraffin sections from tumors (n = 16) and normal pancreata (n = 3) were used to(More)
Glial tumors may originate from the malignant transformation of multipotent glial progenitor cells, but tools to study malignant transformation leading to gliomas are limited by the lack of biological systems that represent early stages of this disease in adult animals. In order to characterize the initiated cells that give rise to gliomas, we have employed(More)
O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine (O6-BzldGuo) was found to be a potent inhibitor of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) activity in vivo, despite its demonstrated lower activity compared to O6-benzylguanine (O6-BzlGua) for inactivation of MGMT in cell cultures or cell free extracts. This difference is probably due to metabolism and possibly to enhanced(More)
O6-Benzyl-2'-deoxyguanosine is a potential antitumor drug modulator that is intended to reduce or eliminate O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase activity in tumors prior to treatment with genotoxic chemotherapeutic alkylating agents. The rationale for using this compound instead of the more active O6-benzylguanine and its substituted benzyl derivatives at(More)