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In addition to schwannomas, patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) frequently develop meningiomas and occasionally, ependymomas. Using DNA and protein analyses, we have shown NF2 gene mutations and lack of the gene product schwannomin in 29 schwannomas, 10 meningiomas, and in 7 ependymomas. We have raised antibodies (ABs) to peptides from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenesis is mediated by a number of different growth factors and appears vital for tumor growth. The understanding of angiogenic mechanisms could offer new therapeutic perspectives; in this context, the role of four potentially angiogenic growth factors was analyzed in a large series of meningiomas of different grades. METHODS Vascular(More)
A cerebral arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy is described with a pedigree suggestive for an autosomal dominant condition. In contrast to the vasculopathy designated with the acronym CADASIL, no deposits of granular osmiophilic material were detected in the vasculature and no point mutations in the NOTCH 3 gene were found. The(More)
More than 50% of patients with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) develop meningiomas. Recently, a higher proliferative activity, more mitotic figures, and greater nuclear pleomorphism have been described for NF2-associated meningiomas compared with sporadic ones. To analyze whether such histological differences could reflect underlying genetic differences, we(More)
Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease was first described in a family from northern Germany in the 1920s (Backer family). PCR amplification of DNA extracted from brain tissue embedded in celloidin 72 years ago shows a GAC to AAC substitution at codon 178 of the prion protein gene. This mutation is associated with fatal familial insomnia and familial(More)
Pilocytic astrocytomas classified as WHO grade I typically arise in childhood and upon complete surgical removal carry a favorable prognosis. Children with neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) have a vastly increased risk for pilocytic astrocytomas, especially for those of the optic nerve. Using 4 intragenic NF1 microsatellite markers, we examined losses of NF1(More)
Early stages of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) were studied in HIV-seropositive drug addicts. Since heroin users are immunocompromized even in the absence of HIV infection, the aim of the present study was to compare the morphological alterations present in HIV-seronegative and HIV-seropositive drug addicts. A total of 60 cases (32(More)
Scatter factor/hepatocyte growth factor (SF/HGF) is a pleiotropic cytokine that has been implicated in glioma invasion and angiogenesis. The SF/HGF receptor, MET, has been found to be expressed in neoplastic astrocytes as well as in endothelial cells of the tumor vasculature. Both SF/HGF and MET expression have also been described to correlate with the(More)
The establishment of hybridomas after fusion of X63-Ag8.653 mouse myeloma cells and splenocytes from BALB/c mice hyperimmunized against human astrocytomas is presented. The animals were primed with 5 X 10(6) chemically modified uncultured or cultured glioma cells. Six weeks after the last immunization step an intrasplenal booster injection was administrated(More)