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BACKGROUND Fever and neutropenia (F&N) is a common complication of cancer chemotherapy. It is conveniently managed by hospitalization and empiric administration of parenteral antibiotics. This study attempted to determine whether pediatric cancer patients with F&N identified as low risk for morbidity and mortality by clinical criteria at the time of(More)
Advances in immune assessment, including the development of T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC) assays of thymopoiesis, cytokine-flow cytometry assays of T-cell function, and higher-order phenotyping of T-cell maturation subsets have improved our understanding of T-cell homeostasis. Limited data exist using these methods to characterize immune recovery(More)
Children who undergo bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are at risk for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Prophylaxis using trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is highly effective but the incidence of adverse drug reactions is significant. We retrospectively reviewed 33 pediatric BMT (25 allogeneic and eight autologous) in whom dapsone was used for(More)
We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of adding 9 Gy of total body irradiation (TBI), in three single daily fractions of 3 Gy, to the reduced intensity regimen of fludarabine 30 mg/m2 i.v. x 4 days and melphalan 140 mg/m2 i.v. x 1 day in advanced pediatric hematologic malignancies. Twenty-two acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), six acute myeloid leukemia(More)
We investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a recently approved intravenous busulfan (IVBU) formulation as a part of the preparative regimen in 20 children with advanced hematologic malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Seventeen patients received a thiotepa, IVBU, and cyclophosphamide-based regimen, and 3 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic cystitis is a common cause of morbidity after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, frequently associated with BK virus infection. We hypothesized that patients with positive BK viruria before unrelated or mismatched related donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have a higher incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis. (More)
The 5-transmembrane receptor AC133 is expressed on a subpopulation of human hematopoietic cells that includes the CD34(bright) cells. We evaluated the developmental potential of AC133+CD34(bright) and AC133(dim/-)CD34+ cells isolated from 5 cord blood (CB) samples by studying the in vitro proliferative and differentiative potential of each population in(More)
Allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) can be accompanied by a beneficial T cell-mediated antitumor immune response known as graft-versus-tumor (GVT) activity. However, BMT donor T cells are not exposed to target antigens of GVT activity until transfer to the host, where tumor antigen presentation may be suboptimal. This study tested in a murine model(More)
PURPOSE To measure resource allocation in outpatient management of fever and neutropenia in low-risk pediatric patients with cancer and its impact on their families. PATIENTS AND METHODS A prospective clinical trial was conducted. Eligible patients received a single dose of intravenous (IV) antibiotics and were observed for several hours in clinic.(More)