Demetrios Petropoulos

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BACKGROUND Fever and neutropenia (F&N) is a common complication of cancer chemotherapy. It is conveniently managed by hospitalization and empiric administration of parenteral antibiotics. This study attempted to determine whether pediatric cancer patients with F&N identified as low risk for morbidity and mortality by clinical criteria at the time of(More)
Advances in immune assessment, including the development of T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC) assays of thymopoiesis, cytokine-flow cytometry assays of T-cell function, and higher-order phenotyping of T-cell maturation subsets have improved our understanding of T-cell homeostasis. Limited data exist using these methods to characterize immune recovery(More)
We investigated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a recently approved intravenous busulfan (IVBU) formulation as a part of the preparative regimen in 20 children with advanced hematologic malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Seventeen patients received a thiotepa, IVBU, and cyclophosphamide-based regimen, and 3 patients(More)
The 5-transmembrane receptor AC133 is expressed on a subpopulation of human hematopoietic cells that includes the CD34(bright) cells. We evaluated the developmental potential of AC133+CD34(bright) and AC133(dim/-)CD34+ cells isolated from 5 cord blood (CB) samples by studying the in vitro proliferative and differentiative potential of each population in(More)
We investigated whether adjusting the oral busulfan (BU) dosage on the basis of early pharmacokinetic data to achieve a targeted drug exposure could reduce transplant-related complications in children with advanced hematologic malignancies. Twenty-five children received a preparative regimen consisting of thiotepa (250 mg/m2 i.v. daily for 3 days), BU (40(More)
Cord blood-derived stem cells are successfully used in the treatment of cancer and congenital disorders in children. This alternative source of stem cells is also explored for adult cancer patients with limited donor options. However, delayed engraftment, prolonged neutropenia, secondary graft loss, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in recipients of cord(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhagic cystitis is a common cause of morbidity after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, frequently associated with BK virus infection. We hypothesized that patients with positive BK viruria before unrelated or mismatched related donor allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have a higher incidence of hemorrhagic cystitis. (More)
The oral manifestations of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) in eight allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) paediatric recipients were studied clinically, and lip biopsies were performed in seven of them. A prominent lichenoid reaction was observed in four patients, two with accompanying ulceration. Superficial mucoceles were present in three(More)
Children who undergo bone marrow transplantation (BMT) are at risk for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Prophylaxis using trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is highly effective but the incidence of adverse drug reactions is significant. We retrospectively reviewed 33 pediatric BMT (25 allogeneic and eight autologous) in whom dapsone was used for(More)
Poorly immunogenic tumor cells genetically transduced to simultaneously express the cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6) and the bacterial metabolic suicide gene cytosine deaminase (205-IL6-CD) become highly immunogenic. They are rejected by normal mice without 5-fluorocytosine prodrug treatment. Mice with preexisting wild-type pulmonary micrometastases exhibit(More)