Demetrios J. Sahlas

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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation is a leading preventable cause of recurrent stroke for which early detection and treatment are critical. However, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is often asymptomatic and likely to go undetected and untreated in the routine care of patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). METHODS We randomly assigned(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Morbidity and mortality in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are correlated with hematoma progression. We hypothesized that the presence of tiny, enhancing foci ("spot sign") within acute hematomas is associated with hematoma expansion. METHODS We prospectively studied 39 consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH by(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines, pathological iron deposition, and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). HO-1 mRNA levels and mitochondrial uptake of [(55)Fe]Cl(3)-derived iron were measured in rat astroglial cultures exposed to interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) or(More)
Corpora amylacea (CA) are glycoproteinaceous inclusions that accumulate in the human brain during normal aging and to a greater extent in Alzheimer's disease. We previously demonstrated that, in cultured rat astroglia, cysteamine (CSH) upregulates heme oxygenase-1(HO-1) and promotes the transformation of normal mitochondria into CA-like inclusions. In the(More)
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is a presumed immune-mediated, demyelinating disease of the CNS for which the standard treatment is high-dose steroids. We describe two patients with ADEM in whom treatment with IV methylprednisolone coincided with deterioration in their clinical status. They were subsequently treated with IV immunoglobulin and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated whether computed tomography (CT) perfusion-derived cerebral blood flow (CBF) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) could be used to differentiate between penumbra and infarcted gray matter in a limited, exploratory sample of acute stroke patients. METHODS Thirty patients underwent a noncontrast CT (NCCT), CT angiography(More)
Cholinergic therapies have proven efficacious in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, and recently in vascular and mixed dementia. We set out to evaluate the impact of putative cerebrovascular lesions involving cholinergic pathways in patients with cognitive impairment. White matter signal hyperintensities on magnetic resonance imaging involving(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for ischemic stroke is approved for eligible patients who can be treated within a 3-hour window, but treatment rates remain disappointingly low, often <5%. To improve rapid access to stroke thrombolysis in Toronto, Canada, a citywide prehospital acute stroke activation protocol was implemented(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE One possible mechanism of cognitive decline in individuals with subcortical vascular disease is disruption of cholinergic fibers by ischemic lesions, such as strategically located white matter hyperintensities (WMH). The authors applied a new MRI visual rating scale to assess WMH within cholinergic pathways in patients with Alzheimer(More)
Mervyn Peake (1911-1968) was an accomplished British artist, poet, novelist, and playwright. He was a prolific and talented illustrator and wrote hundreds of poems, 4 novels, and several plays. His exceptional career was prematurely ended by a neurodegenerative illness variously ascribed to Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease, or postencephalitic(More)