Demetrio Ciociaro

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Preferential visceral adipose tissue (VAT) deposition has been associated with the presence of insulin resistance in obese and diabetic subjects. The independent association of VAT accumulation with hypertension and its impact on insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function have not been assessed. We measured VAT and subcutaneous fat depots by multiscan MRI(More)
Mild-to-moderate hypertension is often associated with insulin resistance and visceral adiposity. Whether these metabolic abnormalities have an independent impact on regional cardiac function is not known. The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of increased blood pressure, insulin resistance, and ectopic fat accumulation on the changes in(More)
Under resting conditions, the failing heart shifts fuel use toward greater glucose and lower free fatty acid (FFA) oxidation. We hypothesized that chronic metabolic abnormalities in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) are associated with the absence of the normal increase in myocardial glucose uptake and maintenance of cardiac mechanical efficiency(More)
To test whether carnitine availability is rate-limiting for fat oxidation under conditions of augmented oxidative use of fatty substrates, two series of studies were performed. In study no. 1, L-carnitine (1 g + 0.5 g/h intravenously [i.v.]) or saline was given to eight volunteers during a 4-hour infusion of a 10% triglyceride emulsion, thereby increasing(More)
Raised levels of free fatty acids (FFA) compete with glucose for utilization by insulin-sensitive tissues, and, therefore, they may induce insulin resistance in the normal subject. The influence of experimental elevations in FFA levels on glucose metabolism in native insulin-resistant states is not known. We studied seven women with moderate obesity (63%(More)
Gastric bypass surgery leads to marked improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in obese type 2 diabetes (T2D); the impact on glucose fluxes in response to a physiological stimulus, such as a mixed meal test (MTT), has not been determined. We administered an MTT to 12 obese T2D patients and 15 obese nondiabetic (ND) subjects before and 1(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Diabetic hyperglycemia results from insulin resistance of peripheral tissues and glucose overproduction due to increased gluconeogenesis (GNG). Thiazolidinediones have been shown to improve glycemic control and increase peripheral insulin sensitivity. Whether chronic thiazolidinedione treatment is associated with a decrease in GNG has not(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous studies have highlighted the associations between abdominal, cardiac or total fat accumulation and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of different ectopic fat depots on measurements of metabolic dysfunction and cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS Using magnetic resonance imaging in 113 subjects,(More)
The disposal of a mixed meal was examined in 11 male subjects by multiple (splanchnic and femoral) catheterization combined with double-isotope technique (intravenous [2-3H]glucose plus oral U-[14C]starch). Glucose kinetics and organ substrate balance were measured basally and for 5 h after eating pizza (600 kcal) containing carbohydrates 75 g as starch,(More)
UNLABELLED The polymorphism, KLF6-IVS1-27A, in the Krüppel-like factor 6 (KLF6) transcription factor gene enhances its splicing into antagonistic isoforms and is associated with delayed histological progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). To explore a potential role for KLF6 in the development of insulin resistance, central to NAFLD(More)