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The transition from compensated to decompensated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in hypertension involves excessive beta-adrenoreceptor (beta-AR) stimulation. To explore whether aldosterone receptor activation contributes toward beta-AR-induced left ventricular (LV) decompensation in hypertensive LVH, the effect of spironolactone (SPIRO; 80 mg x kg(-1) x(More)
It is uncertain whether chronic beta-adrenoreceptor (beta-AR)-activation in hypertension could initiate the progression from compensated left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy to pump dysfunction. It is also uncertain if this effect is through adverse LV remodeling (chamber dilatation with wall thinning and pump dysfunction) or intrinsic myocardial contractile(More)
We explored whether the hypertensive heart is susceptible to myocardial dysfunction in viable noninfarcted tissue post-myocardial infarction (MI), the potential mechanisms thereof, and the impact of these changes on pump function. Six to seven months after the ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, left ventricular (LV) myocardial(More)
Chronic beta-adrenoreceptor (beta-AR) activation increases left ventricular (LV) cavity size by promoting a rightward shift in LV diastolic pressure-volume (P-V) relations in association with increases in low-tensile strength myocardial (non-cross-linked) collagen concentrations. Because diastolic P-V relations are determined by chamber remodeling as well(More)
INTRODUCTION Measurement precision and accuracy of spinal reflexes plays an essential role in the clinical neurological examination. Reflexes are conventionally assessed either electromyographically or with rating scales. In this study we compared objective kinematic T-reflex and subjective assessments of patellar reflexes in 15 normal healthy subjects. (More)
BACKGROUND Although aldosterone influences the effect of salt intake on blood pressure (BP), the extent to which this occurs at a population level is uncertain. We therefore aimed to determine, at a community level in a group of African descent, whether in the absence of primary aldosteronism, the relationship between salt intake and BP is modified by(More)
The segmental method for estimating the centre of mass (COM) location of the human body has been widely used since 1889. How closely this method agrees with direct measurements of the location and movement of COM during activity however, remains unclear. To test this, a novel reaction-board utilizing life sized projections of human subjects is designed for(More)
HIV-associated sensory peripheral neuropathy (HIV-SN) afflicts approximately 50% of patients on antiretroviral therapy, and is associated with significant neuropathic pain. Simple accurate diagnostic instruments are required for clinical research and daily practice in both high- and low-resource setting. A 4-item clinical tool (CHANT: Clinical(More)
The cellular signaling pathways responsible for the transition from compensated left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) to LV dilatation (remodeling) and heart failure are unclear. As chronic administration of a β-adrenoreceptor (β-AR) agonist mediates the premature onset of cardiac remodeling without myocyte necrosis or myocardial dysfunction in LVH, we suggest(More)
To investigate possible mechanisms of the hyperalgesia induced by the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) stavudine in rats, we examined neuronal death and inflammatory cytokine secretion in the spinal cord, and cytokine and lactate secretion in the plasma. Stavudine (50 mg kg(-1)) or placebo was administered orally to Sprague-Dawley rats once(More)