Demetri D. Spyropoulos

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Insulin and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) have critical functions in growth regulatory signalling pathways. They are part of a tightly controlled network of ligands, receptors, binding proteins and their proteases. However, the system becomes uncontrolled in neoplasia. The insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) and the insulin-like(More)
Mutations in the SLC26A3 (DRA (down-regulated in adenoma)) gene constitute the molecular etiology of congenital chloride-losing diarrhea in humans. To ascertain its role in intestinal physiology, gene targeting was used to prepare mice lacking slc26a3. slc26a3-deficient animals displayed postpartum lethality at low penetrance. Surviving dra-deficient mice(More)
The Ets family of transcription factors have been suggested to function as key regulators of hematopoeisis. Here we describe aberrant hematopoeisis and hemorrhaging in mouse embryos homozygous for a targeted disruption in the Ets family member, Fli1. Mutant embryos are found to hemorrhage from the dorsal aorta to the lumen of the neural tube and ventricles(More)
Increased Fli-1 mRNA is present in PBLs from systemic lupus erythematosus patients, and transgenic overexpression of Fli-1 in normal mice leads to a lupus-like disease. We report in this study that MRL/lpr mice, an animal model of systemic lupus erythematosus, have increased splenic expression of Fli-1 protein compared with BALB/c mice. Using mice with(More)
Implantation within the mammalian uterus elicits dramatic changes in the growth, differentiation, and morphogenesis of the conceptus. This process is interrupted in mice carrying a targeted disruption of the murine evx1 gene, a homolog of the Drosophila even-skipped (eve) gene. Upon implantation, presumptive evx1- homozygotes elicit a decidual response,(More)
Alveolar epithelial cells are directly exposed to acute and chronic fluctuations in alveolar oxygen tension. Previously, we found that the oxygen-binding protein hemoglobin is expressed in alveolar Type II cells (ATII). Here, we report that ATII cells also express a number of highly specific transcription factors and other genes normally associated with(More)
Fli-1 belongs to the Ets transcription factor family and is expressed primarily in hematopoietic cells, including most cells active in immunity. To assess the role of Fli-1 in lymphocyte development in vivo, we generated mice that express a truncated Fli-1 protein, lacking the C-terminal transcriptional activation domain (Fli-1(DeltaCTA)).(More)
Targeted disruption of the Fli1 gene results in embryonic lethality. To dissect the roles of functional domains in Fli1, we recently generated mutant Fli1 mice that express a truncated Fli1 protein (Fli1(ΔCTA)) that lacks the carboxy-terminal regulatory (CTA) domain. Heterozygous Fli1(ΔCTA) mice are viable, while homozygous mice have reduced viability.(More)
Clinical trials are currently used to test therapeutic efficacies for lung cancer, infections and diseases. Animal models are also used as surrogates for human disease. Both approaches are expensive and time-consuming. The utility of human biospecimens as models is limited by specialized tissue processing methods that preserve subclasses of analytes (e.g.(More)
Ets1 is a member of the Ets transcription factor family. Alternative splicing of exon VII results in two naturally occurring protein isoforms: full-length Ets1 (p51-Ets1) and Ets1(DeltaVII) (p42-Ets1). These isoforms bear key distinctions regarding protein-protein interactions, DNA binding kinetics, and transcriptional target specificity. Disruption of both(More)