Demetri A. Blanas

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Health workers in sub-Saharan Africa can now diagnose and treat malaria in the field, using rapid diagnostic tests and artemisinin-based combination therapy in areas without microscopy and widespread resistance to previously effective drugs. This study evaluates communities’ perceptions of a new community case management of malaria programme in the district(More)
Despite recent advances in malaria diagnosis and treatment, many isolated communities in rural settings continue to lack access to these life-saving tools. Community-case management of malaria (CCMm), consisting of lay health workers (LHWs) using malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in their villages, can(More)
The number of African-born residents living in the United States (US) increased by more than 750 % between 1980 and 2009. HIV diagnosis rates in this population are six times higher than estimated incidence in the general US population. African-immigrants with HIV are also diagnosed at later stages of infection than US-born residents, but they paradoxically(More)
BACKGROUND Sub-Saharan African nations have among the highest rates of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection worldwide, but little is known about HBV infection in African-born persons in the United States. METHODS From October 2011 to July 2013, community-based HBV screenings were conducted targeting persons originating from Africa in New York City.(More)
BACKGROUND Although community case management of malaria increases access to life-saving care in isolated settings, it contends with many logistical challenges. Mobile phone health information technology may present an opportunity to address a number of these barriers. METHODS Using the wireless adaptation of the technology acceptance model, this study(More)
BACKGROUND Mental health is often given low priority in health policy planning, particularly in developing countries. Several international health bodies, including the World Health Organization, recommend integrating mental health into primary care settings to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with mental illness, particularly in low-resource(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Community-based primary care is a fundamental concept taught in family medicine. Best practices for community-oriented and public health training in medical training programs are underreported in the published literature. A Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) offers an opportunity for family medicine residents to practice(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is highly endemic in West Africa and immigration from this region to the United States has greatly increased over the past quarter century. Using the Andersen Model as a conceptual framework, this study qualitatively examines francophone West African immigrants’ perceptions of factors affecting access to HBV screening and(More)
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