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BACKGROUND Injured lungs due to gastric acid aspiration may be rejected for transplantation because of the possibility of early graft dysfunction. We hypothesized that diluted surfactant administration during ex vivo perfusion would recondition the lungs injured by acid aspiration and permit their use as suitable grafts for transplantation. METHODS Using(More)
BACKGROUND The use of non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) is an alternative strategy to increase the limited number of donors. The ex vivo evaluation has been proposed to assess the function of the lungs from NHBDs as an interim evaluation of the graft before transplantation. We evaluated the effect of a fibrinolytic agent, urokinase, in a pig ex vivo(More)
BACKGROUND Melatonin, a pineal hormone, is a free radical scavenger and an antioxidant. The purpose of this study was to assess the protective effect of melatonin on posttransplant lung ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS Rat single-lung transplantation was performed in two (n = 10) experimental groups after 18 hours of cold (4 degrees C) ischemia. Group(More)
BACKGROUND N-Acetylcysteine (NAC), a thiol-containing compound that has been used as an anti-oxidant, may also lead to an increased glutathione synthesis. This study assessed the protective effect of NAC on primary graft dysfunction after lung transplantation. METHODS Porcine single left-lung transplantation was performed in 2 experimental groups after 24(More)
BACKGROUND We tested whether an injured lung graft from category-3 donation after cardiac death donor could be reconditioned with an ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) system by intrabronchial diluted surfactant lavage before transplantation. METHODS In a pig model, cardiac arrest was induced by deconnecting from the ventilator. Left lung injury was done by(More)
BACKGROUND Functional assessment of the potentially damaged graft from a non-heart-beating donor (NHBD) is mandatory for successful outcome after transplantation. We investigated the impact of the topical cooling solution on graft preservation and whether inflammatory markers in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) can predict pulmonary graft viability in a pig ex(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion injury remains an important obstacle to successful lung transplantation. Trimetazidine is an anti-ischemic drug that restores the ability of ischemic cells to produce energy and reduces the generation of oxygen-derived free radicals. The aim of this study was to assess the protective effect of trimetazidine after prolonged(More)
BACKGROUND The number of available donor lungs is still the limiting factor in lung transplantation. We have recently shown that diluted surfactant lavage during ex vivo lung evaluation improved the graft function after gastric acid aspiration. In the present study, we hypothesized that diluted surfactant administration would recondition and improve the(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) is a well described marker of airway inflammation in asthma and is also known to increase after chronic exposure to inhaled allergens. It is not known whether monitoring FeNO could be useful during food challenges to detect early or subclinical reactions. METHODS Forty children aged 3 to 16 years undergoing an(More)
The use of lungs from donation after cardiac death (DCD) donors is one of the strategies to increase the donor pool. The aim of this study was to assess the surfactant alterations in DCD donor lungs. Pigs were sacrificed and left untouched for 1 (DCD1), 2 (DCD2) and 3 (DCD3) h. Lungs were then topically cooled with saline for 1, 2 or 3 h to reach a total(More)