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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two exercise programs on balance performance in patients with chronic peripheral vestibular dysfunction and to assess whether these exercise programs induce adaptive modifications of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups. (1) Those in the Rehab (Reh)(More)
To examine the in vitro anticancer activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil (TTO), and its major active terpene component, terpinen-4-ol, against two aggressive murine tumour cell lines, AE17 mesothelioma and B16 melanoma. Effects of TTO and terpinen-4-ol on the cellular viability of two tumour cell lines and fibroblast cells were assessed by MTT(More)
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the commonest peripheral vestibular disorder seen in dizziness clinics. It was long believed that the condition was caused by inorganic particles in the cupula of the posterior semicircular canal (PSC). More recently it has been suggested that BPPV may result from free-floating densities in the endolymph of the(More)
Events following the extinction of lights after 1-minute exposures of naive, normal subjects to an optokinetic stimulus at 40 deg/sec have been closely examined and quantified. Mean eye displacement in each slow phase decreased from 10.12 +/- 1.61 deg during optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) to 3.36 +/- 2.32 deg during optokinetic afternystagmus (OKAN).(More)
A pilot study was undertaken in our Vestibular Disorders Clinic to re-evaluate the clinical benefits of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). In seven normal subjects and 20 documented unilateral peripheral vestibular disorder patients, electromyograms were recorded from surface electrodes over the sternomastoid muscles and averaged in response to(More)
The dependence of human OKAN characteristics on optokinetic (OK) stimulus velocity was examined using the two-component double exponential model for OKAN decay. Drum velocities studied were between 10 degrees and 70 degrees deg/sec over a constant exposure period of 60 sec. Results reveal two distinct types of response: a 'low'-level response at lower drum(More)
Suppression of an anti-tumor immune response by regulatory T cells (T(regs)) in tumor-bearing hosts is now well established. Previously, we have reported that the intratumoral administration of T(reg)-depleting anti-CD25 monoclonal antibody every 10 days is highly effective at inhibiting the further development of established murine mesotheliomas. Here we(More)
Intrauterine infection is a leading cause of preterm birth (PTB), most notably in deliveries occurring before 32 weeks gestation. Preterm infants exposed to intrauterine inflammation are more likely to have a host of neurological, respiratory, gastrointestinal, and visual pathologies. Preventing preterm delivery and protecting the fetus from injury is thus(More)
Normal human subjects were exposed to repeated optokinetic afternystagmus (OKAN) testing in either one direction or alternating directions of stripe movement. Sessions were conducted at intervals of either one week or several weeks. Repeated exposure to OKAN stimulation in one direction produced significant response decrements in cumulative displacement,(More)
The dependence of human optokinetic afternystagmus (OKAN) velocity storage (charging) and optokinetic nystagmus (OKN) characteristics on optokinetic (OK) stimulus exposure time was investigated, using the two-component double exponential model for OKAN decay. Results are compatible with our previously proposed concept of two velocity storage integrators,(More)