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This study investigated individual differences in the diurnal cycle of cortisol and explored their relation to several psychosocial variables and to upper-respiratory symptoms. Cortisol and daily experience were assessed for 2 days in 109 healthy employed and unemployed community residents (mean age = 36.4 +/- 12.1, 69% female); self-report upper(More)
OBJECTIVE The current study examined sleep disturbance (i.e., sleep duration, sleep quality) as a correlate of stress reactivity and pain reactivity. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES An ecological momentary assessment design was used to evaluate the psychosocial functioning of men and women with fibromyalgia or rheumatoid arthritis (N=49). Participants(More)
Although it is widely believed that drug cravings are responsible for drug use and relapse, S. T. Tiffany (1990) has proposed a cognitive model in which drug use is triggered not by craving but by the cuing of automatized action plans. The purpose of this study was to examine the lapse episodes from an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study of smokers(More)
The effect of increasing end-tidal enflurane concentration on the auditory evoked response was studied in six patients. After a standard induction, anesthesia was maintained with 70% nitrous oxide in oxygen and the end-tidal enflurane concentration was increased gradually from 0 to 1% over a period of 30 min. The averaged auditory evoked response was(More)
This study examined whether therapist behaviors consistent with motivational interviewing (MI) were associated with within-session working alliance and client engagement. Forty-six audiotaped counseling sessions were drawn from a group-randomized comparison-controlled smoking cessation trial for public housing residents. Separate raters coded therapist(More)
The purpose of the current study was to examine the interrelationships between autonomous regulation (AR) and locus of control (LOC) and their prediction of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) adherence among 189 HIV+ patients. Path analyses revealed that neither AR nor LOC directly predicted adherence although AR was indirectly related when mediated by(More)
This study determined whether motivational interviewing-based cognitive behavioral therapy (MI-CBT) adherence counseling combined with modified directly observed therapy (MI-CBT/mDOT) is more effective than MI-CBT counseling alone or standard care (SC) in increasing adherence over time. A three-armed randomized controlled 48-week trial with continuous(More)
In spinally transected, decerebrated rabbits, the reflex evoked in the ankle extensor gastrocnemius medialis by stimulation of the ipsilateral sural nerve was depressed for periods of 12-45 min following tetanic stimulation of the high-threshold afferents of the ipsilateral tibial, common peroneal, gastrocnemius medialis and sural nerves. It was unaffected(More)
BACKGROUND Although the current Clinical Practice Guideline recommend Motivational Interviewing for use with smokers not ready to quit, the strength of evidence for its use is rated as not optimal. The purpose of the present study is to address key methodological limitations of previous studies by ensuring fidelity in the delivery of the Motivational(More)