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Rates of performing work that engender a sustained lactic acidosis evidence a slow component of pulmonary O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics. This slow component delays or obviates the attainment of a stable VO2 and elevates VO2 above that predicted from considerations of work rate. The mechanistic basis for this slow component is obscure. Competing hypotheses depend(More)
During conventional cycle ergometry, as work rate (WR) is increased toward maximum, O2 extraction increases hyperbolically, typically achieving values of 80-90% at peak O2 uptake (VO2). In contrast, studies using isolated knee-extensor exercise report much higher mass-specific blood flows (Q) and lower maximal O2 extractions (approximately 70%), which have(More)
Insights into muscle energetics during exercise (e.g., muscular efficiency) are often inferred from measurements of pulmonary gas exchange. This procedure presupposes that changes of pulmonary O2 (VO2) associated with increases of external work reflect accurately the increased muscle VO2. The present investigation addressed this issue directly by making(More)
Muscle O2 uptake (VO2) kinetics in response to an augmented energetic requirement (on-transition) has never been directly determined in humans. We have developed a constant-infusion thermodilution technique that allowed rapid measurements of leg blood flow (Qleg) and, in conjunction with frequent serial measurement of arteriovenous O2 content difference(More)
It is not known whether the asymptotic behavior of whole body O2 consumption (VO2) at maximal work rates (WR) is explained by similar behavior of VO2 in the exercising legs. To resolve this question, simultaneous measurements of body and leg VO2 were made at submaximal and maximal levels of effort breathing normoxic and hypoxic gases in seven trained male(More)
Individuals with a prior history of (susceptible to high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE-S) have high resting pulmonary arterial pressures, but little data are available on their vascular response to exercise. We studied the pulmonary vascular response to exercise in seven HAPE-S and nine control subjects at sea level and at 3,810 m altitude. At each(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that single-leg knee extensor (KE) exercise elicits high mass-specific blood flow (Q) which, if incremented toward maximum, in the presence of additional muscle recruitment would soon outstrip the heart's pumping capacity and blood pressure would fall. Thus incremental KE exercise provides the opportunity to determine the(More)
CP-96,345, a non-peptide, selective tachykinin NK1 receptor blocker and its inactive enantiomer, CP-96,344, inhibit ligand binding of phenylalkylamine but not dihydropyridine Ca2+ channel antagonists. Whether these Ca2+ channel antagonist properties of CP-96,345 and CP-96,344 can be expressed as cardiovascular effects in vitro and in vivo is unknown. The(More)
We recently reported the identification of a novel human adenosine A3 receptor-selective agonist, (2S,3S,4R,5R)-3-amino-5-[6-[5-chloro-2-(3-methylisoxazol-5-ylmethoxy)benzylamino]purin-9-yl]-4-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-2-carboxylic acid methylamide (CP-608,039), with 1,260-fold selectivity for the human A3 versus human A1 receptor (DeNinno et al., J Med Chem(More)
Whether large coronary artery dilation induced by beta-adrenergic stimulation is mediated by beta 1- or beta 2-adrenergic receptors remains controversial. This problem is particularly difficult to address in vivo due to the concomitant increase in coronary blood flow with beta-adrenergic stimulation, which by itself can dilate large coronary arteries. To(More)