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Full-term development has now been achieved in several mammalian species by transfer of somatic nuclei into enucleated oocytes [1, 2]. Although a high proportion of such reconstructed embryos can evolve until the blastocyst stage, only a few percent develop into live offspring, which often exhibit developmental abnormalities [3, 4]. Regulatory epigenetic(More)
Proteins of the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome and Ena/VASP families both play essential functions in the regulation of actin dynamics at the cell leading edge. However, possibilities of functional interplay between members of these two families have not been addressed. Here we show that, in hemopoietic cells, recruitment of the C-terminal VCA (Verprolin(More)
Chlamydiae are unusual obligately intracellular bacteria that do not synthesize detectable peptidoglycan. However, they possess genes that appear to encode products with peptidoglycan biosynthetic activity. Bioinformatic analysis predicts that chlamydial MurE possesses UDP-MurNAc-L-Ala-D-Glu:meso-diaminopimelic acid (UDP-MurNAc-L-Ala-D-Glu:meso-A(2)pm)(More)
The Mur ligases play an essential role in the biosynthesis of bacterial cell-wall peptidoglycan and thus represent attractive targets for the design of novel antibacterials. These enzymes catalyze the stepwise formation of the peptide moiety of the peptidoglycan disaccharide peptide monomer unit. MurC is responsible of the addition of the first residue(More)
Colicin M (ColM) is the only enzymatic colicin reported to date that inhibits cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis. It catalyzes the specific degradation of the lipid intermediates involved in this pathway, thereby provoking lysis of susceptible Escherichia coli cells. A gene encoding a homologue of ColM was detected within the exoU-containing genomic(More)
A gene named ltsA was earlier identified in Rhodococcus and Corynebacterium species while screening for mutations leading to increased cell susceptibility to lysozyme. The encoded protein belonged to a huge family of glutamine amidotransferases whose members catalyze amide nitrogen transfer from glutamine to various specific acceptor substrates. We here(More)
Chlamydiaceae are obligate intracellular bacteria that do not synthesise detectable peptidoglycan although they possess an almost complete arsenal of genes encoding peptidoglycan biosynthetic activities. In this paper, the murF gene from Chlamydia trachomatis was shown to be capable of complementing a conditional Escherichia coli mutant impaired in(More)
The Mur ligases (MurC, MurD, MurE and MurF) catalyze the stepwise synthesis of the UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide precursor of peptidoglycan. The murC, murD, murE and murF genes from Staphylococcus aureus, a major pathogen, were cloned and the corresponding proteins were overproduced in Escherichia coli and purified as His(6)-tagged forms. Their(More)
For a long time, colicin M was known for killing susceptible Escherichia coli cells by interfering with cell wall peptidoglycan biosynthesis, but its precise mode of action was only recently elucidated: this bacterial toxin was demonstrated to be an enzyme that catalyzes the specific degradation of peptidoglycan lipid intermediate II, thereby provoking the(More)
We have designed, synthesized, and evaluated 5-benzylidenerhodanine- and 5-benzylidenethiazolidine-2,4-dione-based compounds as inhibitors of bacterial enzyme MurD with E. coli IC(50) in the range 45-206 μM. The high-resolution crystal structure of MurD in complex with(More)