Delphine Périé

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The biphasic material properties for nucleus pulposus tissue in confined compression have not been reported previously, and are required for a better understanding of intervertebral disc function and to provide material properties for use in finite-element models. The aims of this study were to determine linear and non-linear material properties for nucleus(More)
A clinical strength MRI and intact bovine caudal intervertebral discs were used to test the hypotheses that (1) mechanical loading and trypsin treatment induce changes in NMR parameters, mechanical properties and biochemical contents; and (2) mechanical properties are quantitatively related to NMR parameters. MRI acquisitions, confined compression(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse patient-specific bracing biomechanics in the treatment of scoliosis. DESIGN Two complementary computer tools have been developed to quantify the brace action on scoliotic spine from pressure measurements, and to simulate its effect on patient-adapted finite element model. BACKGROUND Brace pad forces and brace effect on spine(More)
Aging and degeneration of the intervertebral disk are accompanied by decreases in water and proteoglycan contents, and structural alterations. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of compositional changes on the material properties of intervertebral disk tissues. Confined compression stress-relaxation experiments were applied to bovine caudal(More)
BACKGROUND The treatment planning of spine pathologies requires information on the rigidity and permeability of the intervertebral discs (IVDs). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers great potential as a sensitive and non-invasive technique for describing the mechanical properties of IVDs. However, the literature reported small correlation coefficients(More)
BACKGROUND Early stages of scoliosis and spondylolisthesis entail changes in the intervertebral disc (IVD) structure and biochemistry. The current clinical use of MR T2-weighted images is limited to visual inspection. Our hypothesis is that the distribution of the MRI signal intensity within the IVD in T2-weighted images depends on the spinal pathology and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim was to quantify the immediate effect of the Cheneau-Toulouse-Munster brace (worn at night) on scoliotic curvatures in vivo.Design. A three-dimensional geometrical model of the spine was developed using magnetic resonance images. BACKGROUND Many corrective ortheses were proposed for the orthopaedic treatment of idiopathic scoliosis.(More)
MRI is increasingly being used for etiologic examination of scoliosis and for intervertebral disc disorder analysis, but until now has not been applied to geometric modeling. The aim of this study was to develop a new geometric model of intervertebral discs using MRI and to quantify the migration of the nucleus zone within scoliotic intervertebral discs.(More)
The lack of standardization in experimental protocols for unconfined compression tests of intervertebral discs (IVD) tissues is a major issue in the quantification of their mechanical properties. Our hypothesis is that the experimental protocols influence the mechanical properties of both annulus fibrosus and nucleus pulposus. IVD extracted from bovine(More)
STUDY DESIGN To analyze Boston brace biomechanics, pressure measurements and finite element simulations were done on 12 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. OBJECTIVES The aim was to analyze the Boston brace effectiveness using a finite element model and experimental measurements. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There are not very many biomechanical(More)