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Progesterone has neuroprotective effects in the injured and diseased spinal cord and after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In addition to intracellular progesterone receptors (PR), membrane-binding sites of progesterone may be involved in neuroprotection. A first putative membrane receptor of progesterone, distinct from the classical intracellular PR(More)
After traumatic brain injury, progesterone has important neuroprotective effects in the nervous system. There is better functional outcome and less oedema formation in pseudopregnant rat females (high levels of endogenous progesterone) than in males. In addition to intracellular progesterone receptors, membrane binding sites of the hormone such as 25-Dx may(More)
The identification of new pathways governing myelination provides innovative avenues for remyelination. Liver X receptors (LXRs) α and β are nuclear receptors activated by oxysterols that originated from the oxidation of cholesterol. They are crucial for cholesterol homeostasis, a major lipid constituent of myelin sheaths that are formed by(More)
Oxysterols are reactive molecules generated from the oxidation of cholesterol. Their implication in cholesterol homeostasis and in the progression of neurodegenerative disorders is well known, but few data are available for their functions in the peripheral nervous system. Our aim was to study the influence of oxysterols on myelin gene expression and myelin(More)
Progesterone has been shown to exert pleiotropic actions in the brain of both male and females. In particular, after traumatic brain injury (TBI), progesterone has important neuroprotective effects. In addition to intracellular progesterone receptors, membrane receptors of the hormone such as membrane progesterone receptor (mPR) may also be involved in(More)
Steroids in brain arise from the peripheral endocrine glands and local synthesis. In traumatic brain injury (TBI), the endogenous circulating hormones at the time of injury are important for neuroprotection. In particular, pseudopregnant females recover better than males from TBI. We investigated the effect of pseudopregnancy and TBI on steroid levels in(More)
The recent molecular cloning of membrane receptors for progesterone (mPRs) has tremendous implications for understanding the multiple actions of the hormone in the nervous system. The three isoforms which have been cloned from several species, mPRalpha, mPRbeta and mPRgamma, have seven-transmembrane domains, are G protein-coupled and may thus account for(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) inhibitors, especially the mood stabilizer lithium chloride, are also used as neuroprotective or anti-inflammatory agents. We studied the influence of LiCl on the remyelination of peripheral nerves. We showed that the treatment of adult mice with LiCl after facial nerve crush injury stimulated the expression of myelin(More)
Evidence that endogenous progesterone (PROG) is neuroprotective after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is supported by the findings that pseudopregnant female rats present less edema and achieve better functional recovery than do male rats. PROG in the nervous system may originate from steroidogenic glands or can be locally synthesized. 3beta-Hydroxysteroid(More)
Wnt signaling is required for neurogenesis, the fate of neural progenitors, the formation of neuronal circuits during development, neuron positioning and polarization, axon and dendrite development and finally for synaptogenesis. This signaling pathway is also implicated in the generation and differentiation of glial cells. In this review, we describe the(More)