Delphine Lemeiter

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the involvement of angiogenesis markers in very early arthritis patients and their relevance to predict further joint destruction. METHODS Levels of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1), and soluble Fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) were measured by ELISA in serum samples from 310 patients having(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with focal and systemic bone loss involving cytokines such as RANKL and TNF-alpha. RANK-L promotes focal and systemic osteoporosis, whereas osteoprotegerin (OPG) inhibits bone resorption. Although anti-TNF-alpha antibodies (anti-TNF-alpha Ab) decrease joint inflammation and bone erosions, their effects on(More)
CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) are involved in several autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis. TNF-α blockers induce therapeutic benefits in rheumatoid arthritis via a variety of mechanisms. We aimed to characterize the impact on Treg of TNF-α overexpression in vivo and of TNF-α inhibiting treatments. We used human TNF-α(More)
Interleukin (IL)-35 was initially described as an immunosuppressive cytokine specifically produced by CD4(+)FoxP3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Since Treg play a major role in autoimmunity control and protect from inflammation, we aimed at evaluating the role of IL-35 in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), using a(More)
Intraarticular gene transfer with adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors may allow efficient therapeutic transgene expression within the joint in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), allowing high expression of the protein within the joint, preventing both systemic diffusion and side effects. However, humans demonstrate antibodies against AAV, which(More)
Background. Angiogenesis is involved in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) leading to leucocyte recruitment and inflammation in the synovium. Furthermore, synovial inflammation itself further potentiates endothelial proliferation and angiogenesis. In this study, we aimed at evaluating the reciprocical relationship between synovial inflammation and angiogenesis in a(More)
BACKGROUND Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and destruction of the joints. In the collagen-induced arthritis mouse model of RA, we developed a nonviral gene therapy method designed to block in situ the main cytokine tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha METHODS Electrotransfer was used to deliver a plasmid(More)
OBJECTIVE The rationale for blocking interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) lies chiefly in the proinflammatory effect of this cytokine. Few studies have evaluated the consequences of anti-IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) antibody treatment on Treg cells. This study was undertaken to elucidate the mechanism of action of anti-IL-6R antibody treatment by(More)
To evaluate the respective action of IL-4, an anti-inflammatory cytokine, and OPG, an inhibitor of bone resorption, on the inflammatory process and the associated bone resorption in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). After CIA induction, DBA/1 mice were treated with OPG or with IL-4 DBA/1 transfected fibroblasts or both OPG + IL-4. CIA significantly improved(More)
BACKGROUND No effective long-term treatment is available for rheumatoid arthritis. Recent advances in gene therapy and cell therapy have demonstrated efficiency in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Interleukin-4 (IL-4) is already known to be efficient in CIA in systemic injection or administered by gene therapy. This study was designed to evaluate the(More)