Delphine Lejeune

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BACKGROUND Astronauts returning from spaceflight are affected by reduced orthostatic tolerance resulting from exposure to weightlessness. There are some countermeasures currently in use to improve cardiovascular performance of returning astronauts, while there are others that are being tested in flight and in ground-based investigations. This paper presents(More)
We assessed the respective effects of thoracic (TCP) and abdominal/lower limb (ACP) counterpressures on end-expiratory volume (EEV) and respiratory muscle activity in humans breathing at 40 cmH2O of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Expiratory activity was evaluated on the basis of the inspiratory drop in gastric pressure (DeltaPga) from its(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of zolpidem 1 0 mg, a new imidazopyridine hypnotic drug, on sleep and respiratory patterns at a simulated altitude of 4,000 meters. Eight male subjects spent three nights in a decompression chamber. The first study night was spent at the ambient pressure corresponding to sea level. The two other nights were(More)
A method for simultaneous analysis of chloroquine, proguanil and their metabolites from a whole blood sample (80 microL) dried on a filter paper was developed. Sample preparation included a liquid extraction from the filter paper, followed by a solid-phase extraction (C18 Bond Elut cartridge). Separation was obtained by reverse-phase liquid chromatography(More)
Leiomyosarcomas (LMSs) of the sinonasal tracts are rarely reported. We present a case of an LMS of the left inferior nasal concha, and discuss the management options with review of the literature. A 72-year-old female patient presented with epistaxis. Clinical examination and medical imaging showed a tumour arising from the left inferior nasal concha. An(More)
This article describes positive (1 → 3)-β-D-glucan levels in serum from infants with primary Pneumocystis infection and from immunosuppressed patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) and negative levels in serum from patients colonized by Pneumocystis jirovecii. Glucan detection is a complementary tool for the diagnosis of the diverse clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The introduction of advanced anti-G protection into agile fast fighter aircraft may result in the regular use of positive pressure breathing (PPB) for G protection by aircrew. Since PPB results in an external additional work of breathing (WoB), we compared the mechanical performance of the pneumatic and electronic O2 regulators designed for(More)
Sensorineural hearing loss and/or vertigo are rare but severe complications of stapes surgery for otosclerosis, ranging from 0.2 to 3%. Management of such complications depends on the underlying cause: intravestibular protrusion of the prosthesis, perilymph fistula, labyrinthitis, and reparative granuloma extending into the vestibule. Surgery is mandatory(More)
The protection of the transport aircraft crew against cabin decompression hazards at high altitude (Z less than 45,000 ft) (13,700 m) is achieved by positive pressure breathing (PPB). Currently, many PPB schedules are used. Our research was performed to propose a PPB schedule, using the hypothesis of a decompression at high altitude, including a stay at the(More)