Delphine Haouzi

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BACKGROUND Identification of new markers assessing endometrial receptivity may help in improving the clinical outcome of IVF. This study aimed at identifying genes expressed in human endometrium during the implantation window that could be used as such markers. METHODS A series of normoresponder patients (n = 31) underwent endometrial biopsies (n = 62, 2(More)
Identification of new criteria for embryo quality is required to improve the clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the gene expression profile of cumulus cells (CC) surrounding the oocyte as biomarkers for embryo potential and to identify genes to be used as prognostic indicators of successful pregnancy. CC from(More)
BACKGROUND The adjunction of exogenous hormones for controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) may alter endometrial receptiveness. In order to identify the genes misregulated under COS, we compared the endometrium gene expression profiles, from the same patients, in a natural cycle and in a subsequent COS cycle. METHODS For the same normal-responder patients(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Ethanol causes oxidative stress in the hepatic mitochondria of experimental animals and mitochondrial DNA deletions in alcoholics. We postulated that ethanol intoxication may cause mitochondrial DNA strand breaks. METHODS Effects of an intragastric dose of ethanol (5 g/kg) on hepatic mitochondrial DNA levels, structure, and synthesis(More)
Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a mitochondrial flavoprotein, which translocates to the nucleus during apoptosis and causes chromatin condensation and large scale DNA fragmentation. Here we report the biochemical characterization of AIF's redox activity. Natural AIF purified from mitochondria and recombinant AIF purified from bacteria (AIFDelta1-120)(More)
Single-embryo transfer is becoming increasingly common in in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment as a means of reducing multiple pregnancy rates leading to a higher incidence of medical, perinatal and neonatal complications. Consequently, selecting embryos with the highest implantation potential is of great importance in assisted reproductive technology. To(More)
The genus Propionibacterium is composed of dairy and cutaneous bacteria which produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), mainly propionate and acetate, by fermentation. Here, we show that P. acidipropionici and freudenreichii, two species which can survive in the human intestine, can kill two human colorectal carcinoma cell lines by apoptosis. Propionate and(More)
Mitochondrial membrane permeabilization can be a rate limiting step of apoptotic as well as necrotic cell death. Permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OM) and/or inner membrane (IM) is, at least in part, mediated by the permeability transition pore complex (PTPC). The PTPC is formed in the IM/OM contact site and contains the two most(More)
The trophoblast cell lineage is specified early at the blastocyst stage, leading to the emergence of the trophectoderm and the pluripotent cells of the inner cell mass. Using a double mRNA amplification technique and a comparison with transcriptome data on pluripotent stem cells, placenta, germinal and adult tissues, we report here some essential molecular(More)
STUDY QUESTION Oocyte developmental competence is altered in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS); is gene expression in cumulus cells (CCs) from mature metaphase II oocytes of patients with PCOS altered as well? SUMMARY ANSWER Compared with CCs from non-PCOS patients, the gene expression profile of CCs isolated from mature oocytes of patients(More)